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Convergence of per capita carbon dioxide emissions: implications and meta-analysis
Department of Economics, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Bagcilar, Turkey.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2264-7043
Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Umeå School of Business and Economics, Umeå University.
2017 (English)In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

There is a rich empirical literature testing whether per capita carbon dioxide emissions tend to converge over time and across countries. This article provides a meta-analysis of the results from this research, and discusses how carbon emissions convergence may be understood in, for instance, the presence of international knowledge spillovers and policy convergence. The results display evidence of either divergence or persistent gaps at the global level, but convergence of per capita carbon dioxide emissions between richer industrialized countries. However, the results appear sensitive to the choice of data sample and choice of convergence concept, e.g. stochastic convergence versus β-convergence. Moreover, peer-reviewed studies have a higher likelihood of reporting convergence in carbon dioxide emissions compared to non-refereed work. POLICY RELEVANCE The empirical basis for an egalitarian rule of equal emissions per capita in the design of global climate agreements is not solid; this supports the need to move beyond single allocation rules, and increase knowledge about the impacts of combined scenarios. However, even in the context of the 2015 Paris Agreement with its emphasis on voluntary contributions and ‘national circumstances’, different equity-based principles could serve as useful points of reference for how the remaining carbon budget should be allocated

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63286DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2017.1314244OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63286DiVA: diva2:1094114
Available from: 2017-05-09 Created: 2017-05-09 Last updated: 2017-05-09

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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