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Reflections on Organizational Barriers Vis-à-Vis Women Participation in Largescale Ghanaian Mines
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0147-0680
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Business and Social Science, ISSN 2219-1933, E-ISSN 2219-6021Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Writing from gender and organizational perspectives, this article reflects consciously with nuances upon varied effort working towards resolving the long existing binary barriers in the world of work. Working towards this goal, this article raises questions as to which organizational practices, processes, and procedures function to create participatory barriers to women in Ghanaian mine jobs. Adopting a mixed method design, the paper points to the culture of male dominance, gender biases, role models and mentorship constraints, unfriendly family work policies, and the relationship among women in male-dominated settings. These outcomes, according to the study, constitute a considerable concern for organizational development, with practical implications for industry, employment, labor relation practices, and public policy in Ghana. Therefore affirmative action among others is recommended for gender deconstruction, and promotion of gender democracy, an agenda for inclusivity, and a safety valve for poverty escapes and a compact for achieving gender equality in multinational Ghanaian mines. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
gender, binary barriers, male-dominance, gender democracy, sustainable development, Ghanaian mines
National Category
Social Sciences Economics Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Marketing; Gender and Technology; Industrial Work Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63359OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63359DiVA: diva2:1095560
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-05-17
In thesis
1. SHIFTING GENDER DYNAMICS IN MULTINATIONAL GHANAIAN MINE JOBS: Narratives on Organizational and Sociocultural Barriers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SHIFTING GENDER DYNAMICS IN MULTINATIONAL GHANAIAN MINE JOBS: Narratives on Organizational and Sociocultural Barriers
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Gender is one of the central organizing principles around which social and corporate innovation revolves. The multinational Ghanaian mining is dominated by men and masculinity cultures. To gain an adequate understanding of this phenomenon, it is prudent to explore its gendered nature. This thesis reflects consciously upon the pre-entry, organizational and sociocultural barriers affecting the effective participation of women in mine jobs. And beyond the barriers, it examines what changes have occurred, occasioning a shift in gender dynamics, leading to an increasing number of women participation in the industry? The current thesis adopts a case study method, deploying a mix of quantitative and qualitative approaches; administered questionnaires, conducted individual interviews, observations, archival documents, and focus group discussions with respondents in four mining companies and a mining and technology university in Ghana. The AMOS–based structural equation modeling approach was used to analyze the quantitative data, while thematic and discourse analysis was employed in analyzing the qualitative narratives of the respondents. Results of the thesis point to the social construction of gender in science, engineering and technology education as a pre-entry barrier. Also, a complex web of male-dominance, gender bias, role models and mentorship constraints, coupled with unfriendly family work policies were noted organizational barriers. In furtherance, common prejudices, perceptions and stereotyped notions of gender roles in the mines constituted noted sociocultural factors constraining effective participation of women in mine work. However beyond the pre-entry, organizational and sociocultural barriers, the current thesis intuits a phenomenon of a ‘women’s revolution’ in the mines, witnessing collective efforts from Women in Mining Ghana as well as the mine workers’ organizations and allied institutions adopting gender strategic measures, such as the ‘ore solidarity,’ gender mainstreaming in admission programmes as well as gender-driven mining initiatives aimed at re-engineering or striking a shift in gender dynamics in the mine jobs of Ghana. Consequently, the classic and continuous male-dominance in Ghanaian mines constitute a considerable concern for mine work organizational development, with practical implications for the mining industry, employment, and  labor relation practices as well as public policy in Ghana. Therefore, affirmative action is recommended for gender deconstruction and promotion of gender democracy. Indeed this move for inclusivity will engender poverty eradication work towards achieving organizational modernization, their global competitiveness and an assurance for gender-driven social innovative mining.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Graphic production, 2017. 169 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keyword
Keywords: gender and technology, psychosocial structures, enrolment regimes, organizational barriers, stereotype notions on gender roles, shifting gender dynamics, sustainability, social innovation, multinational Ghanaian mines
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Gender and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63356 (URN)978-91-7583-910-3 (ISBN)978-91-7583-911-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-16, A 1545, House A, Lulea, 11:37 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-05-26Bibliographically approved

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