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SHIFTING GENDER DYNAMICS IN MULTINATIONAL GHANAIAN MINE JOBS: Narratives on Organizational and Sociocultural Barriers
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences. LULEA TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY.
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Gender is one of the central organizing principles around which social and corporate innovation revolves. The multinational Ghanaian mining is dominated by men and masculinity cultures. To gain an adequate understanding of this phenomenon, it is prudent to explore its gendered nature. This thesis reflects consciously upon the pre-entry, organizational and sociocultural barriers affecting the effective participation of women in mine jobs. And beyond the barriers, it examines what changes have occurred, occasioning a shift in gender dynamics, leading to an increasing number of women participation in the industry? The current thesis adopts a case study method, deploying a mix of quantitative and qualitative approaches; administered questionnaires, conducted individual interviews, observations, archival documents, and focus group discussions with respondents in four mining companies and a mining and technology university in Ghana. The AMOS–based structural equation modeling approach was used to analyze the quantitative data, while thematic and discourse analysis was employed in analyzing the qualitative narratives of the respondents. Results of the thesis point to the social construction of gender in science, engineering and technology education as a pre-entry barrier. Also, a complex web of male-dominance, gender bias, role models and mentorship constraints, coupled with unfriendly family work policies were noted organizational barriers. In furtherance, common prejudices, perceptions and stereotyped notions of gender roles in the mines constituted noted sociocultural factors constraining effective participation of women in mine work. However beyond the pre-entry, organizational and sociocultural barriers, the current thesis intuits a phenomenon of a ‘women’s revolution’ in the mines, witnessing collective efforts from Women in Mining Ghana as well as the mine workers’ organizations and allied institutions adopting gender strategic measures, such as the ‘ore solidarity,’ gender mainstreaming in admission programmes as well as gender-driven mining initiatives aimed at re-engineering or striking a shift in gender dynamics in the mine jobs of Ghana. Consequently, the classic and continuous male-dominance in Ghanaian mines constitute a considerable concern for mine work organizational development, with practical implications for the mining industry, employment, and  labor relation practices as well as public policy in Ghana. Therefore, affirmative action is recommended for gender deconstruction and promotion of gender democracy. Indeed this move for inclusivity will engender poverty eradication work towards achieving organizational modernization, their global competitiveness and an assurance for gender-driven social innovative mining.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Graphic production , 2017. , 169 p.
Keyword [en]
Keywords: gender and technology, psychosocial structures, enrolment regimes, organizational barriers, stereotype notions on gender roles, shifting gender dynamics, sustainability, social innovation, multinational Ghanaian mines
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63356ISBN: 978-91-7583-910-3 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7583-911-0 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63356DiVA: diva2:1095648
Public defence
2017-06-16, A 1545, House A, Lulea, 11:37 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-05-24Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Reflections on Organizational Barriers Vis-à-Vis Women Participation in Largescale Ghanaian Mines
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reflections on Organizational Barriers Vis-à-Vis Women Participation in Largescale Ghanaian Mines
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Business and Social Science, ISSN 2219-1933, E-ISSN 2219-6021Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Writing from gender and organizational perspectives, this article reflects consciously with nuances upon varied effort working towards resolving the long existing binary barriers in the world of work. Working towards this goal, this article raises questions as to which organizational practices, processes, and procedures function to create participatory barriers to women in Ghanaian mine jobs. Adopting a mixed method design, the paper points to the culture of male dominance, gender biases, role models and mentorship constraints, unfriendly family work policies, and the relationship among women in male-dominated settings. These outcomes, according to the study, constitute a considerable concern for organizational development, with practical implications for industry, employment, labor relation practices, and public policy in Ghana. Therefore affirmative action among others is recommended for gender deconstruction, and promotion of gender democracy, an agenda for inclusivity, and a safety valve for poverty escapes and a compact for achieving gender equality in multinational Ghanaian mines. 

Keyword
gender, binary barriers, male-dominance, gender democracy, sustainable development, Ghanaian mines
National Category
Social Sciences Economics Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Marketing; Gender and Technology; Industrial Work Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63359 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-05-17
2. Gender, community affairs and public relations practice in ghananian mines: a socio-linguistic study of gener and language nuances
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender, community affairs and public relations practice in ghananian mines: a socio-linguistic study of gener and language nuances
2014 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, Vol. 8, 45-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
gender, community affairs, public relations, communication, language nuance, engagements, Ghanaian mines, Interdisciplinary research areas - Gender, Tvärvetenskapliga forskningsområden - Genus
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14861 (URN)e48baaa7-360e-4100-9ae2-f244dae4a0c8 (Local ID)e48baaa7-360e-4100-9ae2-f244dae4a0c8 (Archive number)e48baaa7-360e-4100-9ae2-f244dae4a0c8 (OAI)
Note

Godkänd; 2014; Bibliografisk uppgift: Märkligt och felaktigt ISSN 0855-0806x - senaste på hemsidan vol 6 (2012) - AB; 20151222 (rufkil)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-05-15Bibliographically approved
3. Enrolment Regimes and Gender Differences in University of Mines and Technology:: Implication for Gender– equity Discourse in Multi National Ghanaian Mines
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enrolment Regimes and Gender Differences in University of Mines and Technology:: Implication for Gender– equity Discourse in Multi National Ghanaian Mines
2016 (English)In: Gender and behaviour, ISSN 1596-9231, Vol. 14, no 1, 6983-6995 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper assessed gender perceptions of science and engineering courses, gender differences in enrolment regimes in University of Mines and Technology; and how both translated to recruitment of females in the mines. Drawing from a mix methodological approach, it was evidenced that gendered perceptions and stereotypes on science and engineering courses accounted for few females pursuing science, engineering and technology courses in UMaT. These perceptions, the general dislike for engineering courses by most females for fear of mathematics and the knowledge of the fact that engineering is quite difficult, explain the phenomenon of female under-representation in the mines. Though the progressive feminine enrolment regimes, due to gender main streaming initiative in UMaT, whereby women are giving some leverage. The moment a woman gets aggregate 36, which is maximum aggregate or minimum point of qualification, and she chooses mining related course, she is admitted, whereas in some cases, their men counterparts with aggregate 10 or 14 may not be considered. This is gradually working towards achieving a 20 percent quota for women. Though this, of course, is translating into increased female recruitment into the mines, the pace still remains slow and relatively insignificant. By implication, female under-representation in mine work environment point to the fact that mines are missing such feminine values necessary for corporate sustainability, growth and development. Therefore affirmative action plan is recommended at all levels of mine work planning that will ensure inclusion of such feminine virtues to impact profitably and propel growth of the mining industry in Ghana.

Keyword
Interdisciplinary research areas - Gender, Tvärvetenskapliga forskningsområden - Genus
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Science; Effective innovation and organisation (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12825 (URN)bf9ec7a0-2525-4ecb-9cc8-738a959a0956 (Local ID)bf9ec7a0-2525-4ecb-9cc8-738a959a0956 (Archive number)bf9ec7a0-2525-4ecb-9cc8-738a959a0956 (OAI)
Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-05-15Bibliographically approved
4. Investigating the Non-Gendered Recruitment Characteristics of Mining Firms in Ghana: The Role of Sociocultural, Psychosocial and Organizational Design Factors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating the Non-Gendered Recruitment Characteristics of Mining Firms in Ghana: The Role of Sociocultural, Psychosocial and Organizational Design Factors
2016 (English)In: Business and Management Quarterly Review, ISSN 2180-2777, Vol. 7, no 3/4, 38-51 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the influencing dynamics of psychosocial, cultural and organizational design factors on the non-gendered characteristics of employee recruitment in firms operating in the Ghanaian mining industry that constrains the employability of women. A conceptual framework linking psychosocial, cultural, and organizational design to recruitment processes was developed to guide the study. Quantitative data was collected in four mining firms in Ghana using a questionnaire. The collated data was firstly factor analyzed to establish the predictiveness of the conceptual model components’ indicators. This was followed by an analysis of the conceptual model for “model goodness fit” using the AMOS–based structural equation modeling approach. The results showed that the non-gendered characteristics of employees’ recruitment in mining firms in Ghana, constrains the employability of women, is influenced directly and positively by the firms organizational designs, which is in turn influenced directly by the firms’ psychosocial and sociocultural factors. The study also showed that the non-gendered recruitment characteristic of the firms is influenced indirectly, but positively by the firms’ psychosocial factors, and negatively by other sociocultural factors. By implication, the study provides knowledge that can be used to understand the rationale behind the non-gendered characteristics of employee recruitment in Ghanaian mines and the influencing roles of organizational design factors as well as psychosocial and cultural factors. Mining firms can use this knowledge in developing gendered recruitment policies to enhance future recruitment of all qualified human resource, irrespective of gender.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malaysia: , 2016
Keyword
Women; Recruitment characteristic; Organizational design; Psychosocial factors; Sociocultural factors; Ghanaian mining firms.
National Category
Applied Psychology Social Work Social Psychology Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Work Environment; Gender and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62857 (URN)
Projects
Rufai's Doctoral Research work
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 1; 2017-04-04 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-04-03 Created: 2017-04-03 Last updated: 2017-05-15Bibliographically approved
5. Beyond the Barriers: Witnessing Shifting Gender Dynamics in Multinational Ghanaian Mine Jobs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond the Barriers: Witnessing Shifting Gender Dynamics in Multinational Ghanaian Mine Jobs
2017 (English)In: Gender, Technology and Development, ISSN 0971-8524, E-ISSN 0973-0656Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Gender and technology are central to socioeconomic development and corporate innovation. However, the multinational Ghanaian mining is dominated by men and masculinity cultures. The current paper, therefore, understudy the Ghanaian mines, expose their homogeneous scope, and examine the sociocultural barriers constraining effective mine work participation of women. The paper also explores the transformations that have occurred, occasioning a shift in gender dynamics, leading to an increasing number of women participation in the mines.  Deploying a multiple case study, qualitative research design, and meta-narratives of the respondents. The results point to the common prejudices, perceptions and implicit stereotyped notions of gender roles in the mines as noted sociocultural factors constraining effective participation of women in mine work. However beyond barriers, the paper intuits a phenomenon of a ‘‘women revolution’’ in the mines, witnessing collective efforts from mining companies and allied institutions adopting gender strategic measures, such as the ‘‘ore solidarity’’ gender mainstreaming in admission programs as well as ‘‘gender-driven mining’’ initiatives aimed at re-engineering a shift in gender dynamics in the mine jobs of Ghana. These change regimes among the mines imply inclusivity, de-feminization of poverty, towards achieving organizational modernization, competitiveness and an assurance for gender-driven social innovative mining.

Keyword
Keywords: Sociocultural, barriers, male-dominance, Shifting gender dynamics, Ghanaian mines
National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63360 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-05-17
6. Mining in Green Technology Space: Perspectives of Multinational Mining Companies in Ghana
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mining in Green Technology Space: Perspectives of Multinational Mining Companies in Ghana
2017 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

This qualitative study explores the motivation for and trends in the adoption of green technology among multinational mining companies in Ghana. Multinational mining companies are noted as massive waste generators and energy consumers. As mining activities increase, the risk of greater environmental pollution and degradation also looms. However, a green mining technology across mine life cycles emphasizes the need for judicious utilization of resources and reduction in the effects of mining activities on communities. The adoption of green technology processes and procedures in mine work environments, constitute greater effort towards achieving a more sustainable and environmentally friendly mining practices. Drawing on a qualitative case study methodology, primary data were collected from selected officials of multinational mining companies in Ghana using in-depth interviews. The paper documents green technology awareness messages across various mines and explore the motivating factors for adoption of green mining technologies. The paper also provides an understanding of the fad of green technology adoptions among the multinational mines, which contributes to the reduction in the effects of mining operations on mine workers and local communities. The paper has practical implications on grounds of highlighting sustainable mining, a reduction in pollution and degradation of the environment, promoting awareness on safety and health among individual mine workers, and mining communities. The work recommends green technology adoption as a priority to leverage lean production across the multinational mines in Ghana. 

Keyword
Keywords: Green technology, sustainable development, multinational mining companies, health and safety, Ghana.
National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63364 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-05-17

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