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In-Home Occupational Performance Evaluation Kartläggning av aktivitetskortens överensstämmelse hos personer, 65 år och äldre i ordinärt boende i Sverige
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
In-Home Occupational Performance EvaluationMapping the compliance of the activity cards among persons over 65 years of age in ordinary accommodation in Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva om aktivitetskorten i I-HOPE motsvarar äldre personers aktiviteter i hemmet utifrån svenska förhållanden samt identifiera behov av att komplettera med ytterligare aktiviteter.

Metod: Datainsamling utfördes med en kvantitativ standardiserad webbenkät med kvalitativt inslag. Totalt deltog 41 personer mellan 65 och 87 år med en medelåldern av 73.3 år och standardavvikelse på 5.1 år. Samtliga deltagare bodde i ordinärt boende i Södra Norrland kust- och inland i Sverige. Datamaterialet bearbetades med kvantitativ analysmetod, resultatet presenterades i löptext med tabeller och figurer. Svaren från webbänktens öppna fråga angående saknade aktiviteter kategoriserades i grupper utifrån de faktiska svaren.

Resultat: Resultatet från studien visade att samtliga deltagare kunde identifiera 18 av de 44 aktivitetskorten utan vägledning och 16 aktivitetskort kunde 75-99% av deltagarna identifiera utan vägledning.Vidare var det 10 aktivitetskort som färre än 50% av studiens deltagare identifierade utan vägledning. På flertalet aktivitetskort kunde deltagarna identifiera aktiviteten men de identifierade sig sedan inte med miljön, utrustningen eller hur aktiviteten utfördes. Resultatet visade även att 10 av de 44 aktiviteterna inte utfördes av samtliga deltagare i studien. Vidare framkom behov av att komplettera I-HOPE med ytterligare aktivitetskort för att svara mot svenska förhållande.

Slutsats: Utifrån studiens resultat finner författarna ett behov av att komplettera med fler aktivitetskort samt att revidera ett antal av bilderna på de befintliga aktivitetskorten i bedömningsinstrumentet I-HOPE.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe whether the activity cards in I-HOPE correspond to older people's activities in the home based on Swedish conditions and identify the need to supplement additional activities.

Method: Data collection was performed with a quantitative standardized web quote with qualitative elements. In total, 41 participants participated between 65 and 87 years with an average age of 73.3 years and a standard deviation of 5.1 years. All participants lived in Ordinary accommodation in southern Norway, coastal and inland in Sweden. The data was processed using quantitative analysis method, the result was presented in running text with tables and figures. The answers from the web site's open question about missing activities were categorized into groups based on the actual answers.

Results: The result of the study showed that it was 18 of the 44 activity cards that all participants could identify without guidance. 16 activity cards were 75-99% of the participants who could identify. In addition, there were 10 activity cards that fewer than 50% of the study participants were able to Identify without guidance. On most activity cards, participants were able to identify the activity without guidance but they could not identify with the environment, equipment or how the activity was performed. The result also showed that 10 of the 44 activities were not performed by all participants in the study. Furthermore, there was a need to supplement I-HOPE with additional activity cards to respond to Swedish conditions.

Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, the authors find a need to supplement more activity cards and to revise a number of the pictures on the existing activity cards in the I-HOPE assessment tool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
65 years and older, activities, occupational therapists, assessment instruments, I-HOPE, intervention
Keywords [sv]
65 år och äldre, aktiviteter, arbetsterapeuter, bedömningsinstrument, I-HOPE, intervention
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63616OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63616DiVA, id: diva2:1103629
Educational program
Occupational Therapist, bachelor’s level
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Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-05-30 Last updated: 2017-06-01Bibliographically approved

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