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Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av samarbete med närstående i rehabiliteringen av personer med stroke
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational therapists' collaboration with family caregivers in therehabilitation of people with stroke (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att utforska och beskriva arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av samarbete med närstående i rehabiliteringen av personer med stroke. Studien antog en kvalitativ induktiv ansats för att fokusera på deltagarnas beskrivningar. Ändamålsenligt urval skedde utifrån kriterier. Tio deltagare ingick i studien. Data samlades in via semistrukturerade intervjuer med öppna frågor och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Analysen resulterade i fyra kategorier: Möta den närstående i en förändrad livssituation; Finna rehabiliteringsåtgärder som främjar ett fortsatt engagemang i aktiviteter; Hantera utmaningar; Resurser för att återskapa en tillfredsställande vardag. Studiens resultat visade att arbetsterapeuternas samarbete med närstående i rehabiliteringen av personer med stroke fokuserade främst på aktiviteterna för personen med stroke. Närståendes aktiviteter beaktades i en viss mån i rehabiliteringsprocessen, däremot var arbetsterapeutiska åtgärder för deras aktiviteter begränsad och omfattade främst rådgivning. Vidare ur ett rehabiliteringsperspektiv visade resultatet att närståendes engagemang skapade förutsättningar för en kontinuerlig rehabilitering och att uppnå goda resultat, samtidigt som höga förväntningar, krisreaktioner och kulturella skillnader var utmanade. Resultatet av denna studie kan bidra till ökade kunskaper om hur arbetsterapeuter samarbetar med närstående i rehabiliteringen av personer med stroke och kan vara användbar vid utveckling av rehabiliteringsinsatser i ett familjecentrerat perspektiv inom arbetsterapi.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to explore and describe occupational therapists' experiences of collaboration with family caregivers in the rehabilitation of people with stroke. The study adopted a qualitative inductive approach in order to focus on the participants' descriptions. A purposeful selection took place based on criteria. Ten participants were included in the study. Data were collected through semistructured open-ended interviews and were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in four main categories: Meeting the family caregiver in a changed life situation; Identify rehabilitation interventions that promotes a continued engagement in activities; Managing challenges; Resources to recreate a satisfying everyday life. The study results showed that occupational therapists' collaboration with family caregivers in the rehabilitation of people with stroke primarily focused on the occupations for the person with stroke. Family caregivers occupations were considered to a certain extent in the rehabilitation process, however occupational therapy interventions for their occupations were limited and mainly included counseling. Furthermore, from a rehabilitation perspective, the result showed that family caregivers involvement creates the conditions for continuous rehabilitation and achieving good results while high expectations, crisis and cultural differences are challenging. The result of this study can contribute to increased knowledge of how occupational therapists collaborate with family caregivers in the rehabilitation of people with stroke and may be useful in the development of rehabilitation interventions in a family-centered approach within occupational therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 28
Keyword [en]
Occupational therapy, family caregivers, home rehabilitation
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsterapi, närstående, hemrehabilitering
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63631DiVA, id: diva2:1104183
Educational program
Occupational Therapist, bachelor’s level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2017-06-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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