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Thermal modelling of a truck gearbox
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The thermal regime of a gearbox is of considerable importance to its performance. Several significant gearbox parameters, such as the efficiency and fatigue life of its components, are temperature dependent. It is thus important to be able to determine the temperatures of the gearbox components during operation, but they are difficult to measure experimentally. A simulation model capable of predicting these temperatures would therefore be a valuable tool.

The objective of this master’s thesis was to create a model capable of simulating the thermal regime of a truck gearbox during operation. To do this, mechanical losses in the gearbox, heat exchange with the surroundings, as well as heat transfer between components had to be accounted for. The model was created using the 1D simulation software LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim 14.0, and is based on a combination of mechanical and thermal networks. Details of the mechanical and thermal interactions between components are calculated using empirical and analytical formulas for mechanical losses and heat transfer.

The result of the thesis is a model which can be used to simulate either real or idealised load cases, from which temperatures of gear wheels, shafts, bearings, housing and gearbox oil may be studied, as well as gearbox losses and heat transfer.

Comparisons between simulated and measured gearbox efficiencies show good correlation. It is also shown that the model can predict oil temperatures which agree with in-vehicle measurements. Due to a lack of measurement data, most simulated component temperatures cannot be compared to measured values. However, temperature measurements performed for one of the gear wheels indicate that the model can be used to predict their temperature. In order to demonstrate the capabilities of the model, example results from both real and idealised load cases are presented. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 72
Keyword [en]
Gearbox, Thermal network, Thermal model, 1D simulation, Heat transfer, Mechanical losses, Efficiency
National Category
Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63753OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63753DiVA, id: diva2:1107234
External cooperation
Scania CV AB
Educational program
Mechanical Engineering, master's level
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-13 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2017-06-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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