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Användandet av bensodiazepiner vid kramper prehospitalt
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How benzodiazepines are used to treat prehospital seizures (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Akuta krampanfall drabbar många människor, både nationellt och internationellt. Detta behandlas i första hand med Bensodiazepiner, såsom Diazepam och Midazolam. Sveriges prehospitala behandlingsriktlinjer skiljer sig åt vid behandling av akuta krampanfall. Region Halland förnyade behandlingsriktlinjerna år 2011 och införde intranasal administrering av Midazolam Syfte: Att sammanställa behandlingsriktlinjerna angående medicinsk behandling vid kramper prehospitalt i Sverige samt kartlägga användandet av bensodiazepiner vid kramper prehospitalt i Region Halland. Metod: En kvantitativ registerstudie med en retrospektiv design användes. En sammanställning av Sveriges prehospitala behandlingsriktlinjer för medicinsk behandling av kramper utfördes. Chi-Två samt Fishers exakta test användes vid analysen av den insamlade datan från 127 ambulansjournaler i Region Halland. Resultat: Sammanställningen av Sveriges prehospitala behandlingsriktlinjer vid kramper visade att behandlingsriktlinjerna skiljer sig åt nationellt. Resultatet från kartläggningen av användandet med bensodiazepiner vid kramper prehospitalt i Region Halland visade att Diazepam var det vanligast använda läkemedlet samt att det fanns en signifikant skillnad i behandlingen med Diazepam rektalt relaterat till patientens ålder. Flertalet patienter som hade behandlats med Midazolam intranasalt behövde kompletterande behandling med Diazepam intravenöst. Slutsats: Behandlingsriktlinjerna för kramper prehospitalt skiljer sig åt nationellt. Diazepam var det vanligast använda läkemedlet samt en bristfällig följsamhet till behandlingsriktlinjerna framkom i Region Halland. Mer forskning behövs avseende ambulanssjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att behandla pågående kramper prehospitalt för ge patienterna möjlighet till en god omvårdnad på ett säkert sätt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Acute seizures affects a large number of people both nationally and internationally. Seizures are primarily treated with benzodiazepines, such as Diazepam and Midazolam. Sweden's prehospital treatment guidelines differ in the treatment of acute seizures. Region Halland renewed the treatment guidelines in 2011 and introduced intranasal administration of Midazolam. Objective: To compile the treatment guidelines for medical treatment in prehospital seizures in Sweden and to survey the use of benzodiazepines in prehospital seizures in Region Halland. Method: A quantitative register study with a retrospective design was used. A compilation of Sweden's prehospital treatment guidelines was performed. Chi-Two and Fishers exact test are used in the analysis of the collected data from 127 ambulance journals in Region Halland.  Results: The compilation of Swedish prehospital treatment guidelines for seizures showed that the treatment guidelines differ nationally. The survey of the use of benzodiazepines in prehospital seizures in Region Halland showed that Diazepam was the most commonly used drug, and that there was a significant difference in treatment with Diazepam rectally related to the age of the patient. Most patients treated with Midazolam intranasally needed additional therapy with Diazepam intravenously. Conclusion: The prehospital treatment guidelines for seizures differs nationally. Diazepam was the most commonly used drug and the compliance with the treatment guidelines is inadequate in Region Halland. More research is needed regarding from the ambulance nurse's experiences of treating ongoing prehospital seizures in order to provide patients with proper care in a safe way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Ambulance, prehospital care management, benzodiazepines, seizures
Keywords [sv]
Ambulans, ambulanssjuksköterska, prehospital sjukvård, bensodiazepiner, kramper
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63820OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63820DiVA, id: diva2:1107528
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Specialist Nursing, Pre-hospital Emergency Care
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved

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