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Future HMI for trucks of 2022: Design for transition of control in highly-automated trucks
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Research within the eld of automation has gotten increased attention within the vehicle industry recently. The reason is because of the bene ts it brings. A fully automated vehicle would mean that the driver becomes a passenger, and can perform other tasks while traveling. Other bene ts with automated vehicles is decreased fuel consumption and amount of accidents (Nowakowski et al., 2015). In order to reach fully automated vehicles, highly-automated vehicles have to be developed beforehand. Highly-automated cars have already started driving around on the roads. However, highly-automated trucks have still not been implemented. In order to develop such a technically advanced area, the development process needs to focus on the driver in order to create a safe and comfortable experience. Therefore our background as Industrial Design Engineers will connect the technical and user-centred thinking in order to create a future Human-Machine interaction.

This project focuses on creating a future Human- Machine interaction for highly-automated Scania trucks. The thesis project focuses on developing a way for the human to handover and take back control of the driving tasks. Therefore, the focus of the thesis is transition between manual driving and highly-automated driving. An example of a lower level of automation that exists today is the Adaptive Cruise Control which was used as a reference point. This reference point was used since transitioning of control for highly-automated systems do not exist in the truck industry today.

Scania has been focusing on the area of automation for a while, this thesis is a part of that development. In order to develop this area further the objective of this project was to create a transition of the driving task between a human and the truck, while focusing on the areas trust, driver state, driver ef ciency and situation awareness. The goal was to create a new way of interacting with a Scania truck that enables activation and deactivation of a highly-automated system that should be tested in a usability study.

To reach the thesis objectives, a human-centred design process has been used that includes different stakeholders in order to keep a user-centred thinking. By implementing design methods while focusing on the end user, an effective result could be reached. The nal idea was conceptualized and tested together with truck drivers inside a VR-environment in order to nd a more suitable solution.

The thesis resulted in a product that enables the truck driver to activate and deactivate a highly- automated driving system through a physical interaction. The concept provides the driver with information through multimodal feedback to support different driver states. Through a reliable and trustful design the solution enables the driver to be more ef cient while driving and encourages their awareness of the situation. The result from the usability study showed an acceptable result for the concept. Further studies are needed to test out the concept in its intended environment. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 64 p.
Keyword [en]
Highley-automated vehicle, Transition, Handover, Automation, Human-machine interaction, Activation, Deactivation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-64135OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-64135DiVA: diva2:1111051
External cooperation
Scania
Educational program
Industrial Design Engineering, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-16 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

The full text will be freely available from 2027-08-31 23:59
Available from 2027-08-31 23:59

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