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PIV measurements in Francis turbine: A review and application to transient operations
Luleå University of Technology.
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee .
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
2017 (English)In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, ISSN 1364-0321Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Penetration of solar and wind energy into the grid network has raised the concern for grid stability which is generally balanced by operating the hydropower plants over a wide range. This results in several issues, such as rotor-stator interaction (RSI), vortex breakdown, rotating vortex rope (RVR), pressure shocks, vibration, and noise which may lead to failure. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) has been used to understand several physical mechanisms in the flow at various operating conditions. A non-negligible uncertainty may arise in the measurements due to calibration, abbreviation, and distortion of the light. Various parameters such as laser sheet thickness, particle type, particle size, particle density, camera resolution, image size and number of images may affect the quality of the measurements. In the present work, a review of PIV measurements performed in hydraulic turbines, mainly Francis, has been carried out. The objective is to develop an experimental set up to perform steady and transient measurements on a model Francis turbine. A maximum deviation of 1.8% in absolute velocity is estimated in the present study as compared to 2–3% reported in the previously performed measurements on Francis turbines. The repeatability of transient measurements is also investigated by extracting two velocity points on a PIV plane

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017.
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Fluid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-64732DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.06.108OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-64732DiVA: diva2:1118900
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OBS

Available from: 2017-07-03 Created: 2017-07-03 Last updated: 2017-07-03

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Cervantes, Michel
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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