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Arbetsgivares erfarenheter av SE/IPS på den svenska konkurrensutsatta arbetsmarknaden
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Employers' experiences of SE/IPSin the Swedish competitive labor market (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med aktuell studie är att belysa arbetsgivares erfarenheter av arbetsrehabiliteringsmetoden SE/ IPS för personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning på den svenska konkurrensutsatta arbetsmarknaden. Lämplighetsurval praktiserades och utforskande kvalitativ ansats valdes utifrån studiens syfte, intervjuer genomfördes som datainsamlingsmetod och kvalitativ innehållsanalys tillämpades. Analysen av intervjutexterna utmynnade i ett övergripande tema och fyra kategorier. Det övergripande temat ”arbetsgivarnas engagemang för att inkludera kontra produktionskrav och resurser” visar på en spänning mellan arbetsgivarnas starka drivkraft att inkludera personen i samhället utifrån personens vilja till arbete och svårigheten att finna meningsfulla arbetsuppgifter vars krav svarar mot personens arbetsförmåga. De fyra kategorierna är: ”Skapar egna förutsättningar för arbete trots utmaningar”, ”oklara yttre förutsättningar äventyrar arbetsrehabilitering”, ”ständigt drivande och samordnande vägledare” och ”arbetslivet som en del av vardagen”. Slutsats: Arbetsgivarna har tydliga ambitioner att utgöra en utgöra en stödjande omgivningsfaktor enligt PEO-modellen. Resultatet presenterar arbetsgivarnas behov för att kunna leva upp till sina ambitioner. Det kvalificerade stöd i form av information och vägledning som arbetsgivarna efterfrågar motsvaras av PEO-matchning, en teoretisk modell tillämpad inom arbetsterapi.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of current study is to highlight employers' experiences of the SE/IPS vocational rehabilitation method for people with mental disabilities in the Swedish competitive labor market. Purposeful sampling was practiced and an exploratory qualitative approach was chosen based on the purpose of the study, interviews were conducted as a data collection method and qualitative content analysis was applied. The analysis of the interviews resulted in an overall theme and four categories. The overall theme "employers 'commitment to include versus production requirements and resources", shows a tension between employers' strong ambition to include the person in society based on the person's willingness to work, and the difficulty in finding meaningful tasks whose demands correspond to the person's work ability. The four categories are: “Creates their own conditions for work despite challenges”, “unclear external conditions jeopardize vocational rehabilitation”, “constantly driving and coordinating coach” and “vocational life as part of everyday life”.                Conclusion: Employers have clear ambitions to constitute a supportive environmental factor according to the PEO-model. The result presents employers' needs to meet their ambitions. The qualified support in terms of information and guidance requested by employers correspond to PEO-matching, a theoretical model applied in occupational therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
Supported Employment (SE), Individual Placement and Support (IPS), vocational rehabilitation, employers experiences, occupational therapy, severe mental illness
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65218OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65218DiVA, id: diva2:1134620
Educational program
Health Science, master's level (60 credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2017-08-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf