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Tribological studies on multifunctional hardfacings for friction control at high temperatures
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Mechanical components operating at elevated temperatures can be identified in the aerospace industry as well as in metal forming. Hot stamping is a metal forming technique utilized for manufacturing high strength lightweight components for the automotive industry. Three types of Ni-based hardfacings doped with solid lubricants were manufactured using laser cladding. An additional hardfacing was also manufactured using the Ni-based alloy only as a reference. Solid lubricants added were Ag+WS2, WS2 and Cu+MoS2. These hardfacings were manufactured and tribologically evaluated for potential application in hot stamping tooling. Direct diode laser was used for the cladding process. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were used for characterization of the microstructure after deposition. Tribological testing was done using a reciprocating pin-on-disk tribometer under dry sliding conditions at temperatures in the range between RT and 600°C. Bearing steel ball and a flat pin made of the same material were used as counterbodies. Wear volume loss was measured using a 3D optical interferometer. For identification of the wear mechanisms SEM/EDS techniqueswere used. Formation of a lubricious CrxSy phase was detected after deposition, additionally encapsulation of silver particles by CrxSy was also observed. Reduction of friction coefficient was observed for every self-lubricating hardfacing compared to the reference. Lowest friction coefficient (0.23-0.3) was observed when the testing temperature was set to 400°C using a pin-on-flat configuration. Lowest wear rate was observed at 400°C, with the coating containing Ag and WS2 having a specific wear rate of 3.04 · 10−5mm3/Nm. The lubricity of the self-lubricating hardfacings was attributed to the CrxSy phase observed on the worn surface. At low to moderate temperatures abrasive wear is the main wear mechanism. At the highest testing temperature, oxidative wear was dominant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
high temperature tribology, laser cladding, solid lubricants
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65507OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65507DiVA, id: diva2:1138661
External cooperation
Austrian Excellence Center for Tribology (AC2T research GmbH)
Educational program
Mechanical Engineering, master's level (120 credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-09-12 Created: 2017-09-06 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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