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Studiemotivation: En studie av inre och yttre motivation hos programstudenter vid Luleå tekniska universitet
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Motivation som process innefattar det som driver människan framåt och får henne att agera. Det som driver människan till handling är hens behov. Människan upplever välbehag när behov uppfylls och obehag när dessa inte tillfredsställs. För att en student ska påbörja, fortsätta med och slutföra högskolestudier krävs en viss mängd motivation. Motivation kan vara av antingen intern eller extern karaktär. Syftet med detta arbete var att studera till vilken utsträckning programstudenterna vid Luleå Tekniska Universitet ansåg sig vara motiverade till sina studier. Ytterligare ett syfte var att studera förekomsten av intern och extern motivation bland dessa programstudenter. Detta för att kunna framta den motivationsfaktor som respondenterna värderar högst. Data samlades in med hjälp av en webbenkät där respondenterna skattade graden av total motivation, intern motivation och extern motivation. Skattningarna jämfördes sedan mellan studenter tillhörande olika typer av utbildningar samt mellan studenter som befann sig i början respektive slutet av sin utbildning. Materialet analyserades sedan med hjälp av SPSS. Resultatmönstret tydde på att studenterna vid universitetet var stabilt motiverade till sina studier. Respondenterna uppvisade även en svag tendens till att skatta intern motivation högre än extern. Utbildningstyp (filosofisk/teknisk) och/eller tid vid utbildning (början/slutet) hade ingen signifikant effekt på skattningarna av total motivation, intern motivation eller extern motivation.

Abstract [en]

Motivation as a process involves everything that drives humans forward and causes them to act in a certain direction. What primarily drive people to act are their needs. Humans feel comfortable when needs are met and discomfort when not satisfied. In order for a student to start, continue and complete university studies, a certain amount of motivation is required. Motivation may be of either internal or external character. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate to what extent the students at Luleå University of Technology considered themselves motivated for their studies. Another purpose was to study the amount of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation among these students. Data was collected using a web survey where the participants were asked to estimate their total motivation, intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Estimates were then compared between participants belonging in philosophical versus technical faculty and between students in the beginning versus the end of their education. The material was then analyzed using SPSS. The performance pattern indicates that the students felt motivated to their studies. The feeling of motivation was seen as stable. The results showed that students had a week tendency to estimate their intrinsic motivation a bit higher than extrinsic motivation. Results showed that faculty affiliation or beginning / end of education had no significant effect on estimates of total motivation, intrinsic motivation or extrinsic motivation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 13
Keywords [en]
University, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation
Keywords [sv]
Universitet, intern motivation, extern motivation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65527OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65527DiVA, id: diva2:1139477
Educational program
Psychology, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-07 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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