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Climatic barriers to soft-mobility in winter: Lulea, Sweden as case study
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6957-0568
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8870-2626
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3619-2297
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6831-8857
2017 (English)In: Sustainable cities and society, ISSN 2210-6707, Vol. 35, p. 574-580Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban form can moderate the effects of weather on human movement. As such, the interrelationship between built environment, weather and human movement is a critical component of urban design. This paper explores the impacts of weather on non-motorised human movement (soft-mobility). Throughout we look at soft-mobility from the citizen’s perspective and highlight the barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

The aim of this study was to test the traditional pallet of winter city urban design considerations. Those of solar-access, wind and snow management and explore other weather and terrain conditions that act as barriers to soft-mobility in winter. This study is based on survey responses from 344 citizens in the sub-arctic area of Sweden. Outcomes from the research highlight that rain, icy surfaces and darkness are today’s most significant barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

Results from this study link changing barriers to soft-mobility in winter with climate change. The paper concludes that future urban design and planning for winter cities needs to consider a wider pallet of weather conditions, especially rain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 35, p. 574-580
Keywords [en]
Winter Cities, Resilience, Outdoor Activity, Walkability, Urban Microclimate
National Category
Social Sciences Architectural Engineering Physiotherapy
Research subject
Architecture; Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65555DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2017.09.003ISI: 000415898200049Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85029311543OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65555DiVA, id: diva2:1139913
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-09-14 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-09-10 Created: 2017-09-10 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Urban design of winter cities: Winter season connectivity for soft mobility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban design of winter cities: Winter season connectivity for soft mobility
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

All across the world the form of the built environment is playing a crucial role as enabler or inhibitor for urban outdoor activity such as soft mobility. Urban form can make it more attractive for people to be mobile outdoors and playing a role in the public life, or it can put people off venturing outside. For winter cities, a question for urban design is how we can design environments that are attractive for outdoor activity in the winter season as well as summer and additionally how will climate change influence these aspects.

The reason for studying this is the importance of understanding how, in relation to urban form, weather, seasonal variations, and climate change influences human outdoor activity. In this study the focus on outdoor activity is problematised around the concern that people spend a low percentage of their time outdoors in winter conditions. For society, the problem is that this trend and the related low levels of physical activity are associated with a range of health issues.

To study this the main question for this research is what attracts and hinders soft mobility during the winter season and how can this knowledge underpin new considerations about urban design for connectivity in winter cities? To address this, the research methods focused on document studies, surveys, mental mapping, photo elicitation and semi-structured discussions.

The study works at three scientific levels. Firstly, it seeks to understand the interrelationship between the built environment and people’s outdoor activity in winter. Secondly, it attempts to understand how connectivity for soft mobility in winter is being affected by weather and climate change. Thirdly, it seeks new ways of thinking about how the urban form can be designed to increase outdoor soft mobility in winter.

The discussion and conclusions focused on the argument that in winter settlements, the winter season can alter spatial patterns and settlement organisation. Here it was argued that in these settlements the winter season can be an aspect of urban morphology and can be part of the process of shaping the public realm and its connectivity for soft mobility in winter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2018
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keywords
Urban form, urban design, seasonal climate variation, winter cities, climate change
National Category
Engineering and Technology Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70507 (URN)978-91-7790-189-1 (ISBN)978-91-7790-190-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-10-12, C305, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-20 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttps://www.academia.edu/34772860/Climatic_barriers_to_soft-mobility_in_winter_Lule%C3%A5_Sweden_as_case_study?auto=download

Authority records BETA

Chapman, DavidNilsson, KristinaLarsson, AgnetaRizzo, Agatino

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