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316L stainless steel designed to withstand intermediate temperature
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University.
Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University.
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2017 (English)In: Materials & design, ISSN 0264-1275, E-ISSN 1873-4197, Vol. 135, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Austenitic stainless steel 316L was fabricated for withstanding elevated temperature by selective laser melting (SLM). Tensile tests at 800 °C were carried out on laser melted 316L with two different strain rates of 0.05 S− 1 and 0.25 S− 1. The laser melted 316L showed tensile strength of approximately 400 MPa at 800 °C, which was superior to conventional 316L. Analysis of fracture surface showed that the 316L fractured in mixed mode, ductile and brittle fracture, with an elongation of 18% at 800 °C. In order to understand the mechanical response, laser melted 316L was thermally treated at 800 °C for microstructure and phase stability. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Electron back scattered diffraction (EBSD) of 316L treated at 800 °C disclosed a textured material with single austenitic phase. SEM and EBSD showed that the characteristic and inherent microstructure of laser melted 316L, consisting of elongated grains with high angle grain boundaries containing subgrains with a smaller misorientation, remained similar to as-built SLM 316L during hot tensile test at 800 °C. The stable austenite phase and its stable hierarchical microstructure at 800 °C led to the superior mechanical response of laser melted 316L.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 135, 1-8 p.
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65565DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2017.08.072ISI: 000413236300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028815416OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65565DiVA: diva2:1140054
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-09-11 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-09-11 Created: 2017-09-11 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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