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Mirror symmetry breaking as a problem in dynamic critical phenomena
Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA).
Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4492-9650
2007 (English)In: Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, ISSN 1063-651X, E-ISSN 1095-3787, Vol. 76, no 2, 021109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The critical properties of the Frank model of spontaneous chiral synthesis are discussed by applying results from the field theoretic renormalization group (RG). The long time and long wavelength features of this microscopic reaction scheme belong to the same universality class as multicolored directed percolation processes. Thus the following RG fixed points (FPs) govern the critical dynamics of the Frank model for d<4: one unstable FP that corresponds to complete decoupling between the two enantiomers, a saddle point that corresponds to symmetric interspecies coupling, and two stable FPs that individually correspond to unidirectional couplings between the two chiral molecules. These latter two FPs are associated with the breakdown of mirror or chiral symmetry. In this simplified model of molecular synthesis, homochirality is a natural consequence of the intrinsic reaction noise in the critical regime, which corresponds to extremely dilute chemical systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 76, no 2, 021109
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Atmospheric science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65600DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.76.021109Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34548055584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65600DiVA: diva2:1140515
Available from: 2017-09-12 Created: 2017-09-12 Last updated: 2017-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Zorzano, María Paz
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Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
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