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Solvothermal Synthesis, Gas-Sensing Properties, and Solar Cell-Aided Investigation of TiO2-MoOx Nanocrystals
Istituto per la Microelettronica e i Microsistemi, IMM-CNR, Lecce, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9242-6484
Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati, ISMN-CNR, Roma, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9868-7626
Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati, ISMN-CNR, Roma, Italy.
Istituto di Cristallografia, IC-CNR, Bari, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2597-4883
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2017 (English)In: ChemNanoMat, ISSN 2199-692X, Vol. 3, no 11, 798-807 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Titania anatase nanocrystals were prepared by sol-gel/solvothermal synthesis in oleic acid at 250 °C, and modified by co-reaction with Mo chloroalkoxide, aimed at investigating the effects on gas-sensing properties induced by tailored nanocrystals surface modification with ultra-thin layers of MoOx species. For the lowest Mo concentration, only anatase nanocrystals were obtained, surface modified by a disordered ultra-thin layer of mainly octahedral MoVI oxide species. For larger Mo concentrations, early MoO2 phase segregation occurred. Upon heat treatment up to 500 °C, the sample with the lowest Mo concentration did not feature any Mo oxide phase segregation, and the surface Mo layer was converted to dense octahedral MoVI oxide. At larger Mo concentrations all segregated MoO2 was converted to MoO3. The two different materials typologies, depending on the Mo concentration, were used for processing gas-sensing devices and tested toward acetone and carbon monoxide, which gave a greatly enhanced response, for all Mo concentrations, to acetone (two orders of magnitude) and carbon monoxide with respect to pure TiO2. For the lowest Mo concentration, dye-sensitized solar cells were also prepared to investigate the influence of anatase surface modification on the electrical transport properties, which showed that the charge transport mainly occurred in the ultra-thin MoOx surface layer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 3, no 11, 798-807 p.
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Experimental physics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65740DOI: 10.1002/cnma.201700160OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65740DiVA: diva2:1142715
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-11-27 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Epafini, MauroKaciulis, SauliusAltamura, DavideGiannini, CinziaConcina, Isabella
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