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Spatial Measurement of Bed Load Transport in Tigris River
Water Resources, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5670-7254
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Earth Sciences, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1365-8552
2017 (English)In: Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, ISSN 1792-9040, E-ISSN 1792-9660, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 55-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using Helley-Smith sampler, 288 bed load samples were collected from 16 cross sections along 18 km reach length of Tigris River within Baghdad. The spatial distribution of sampling along the reach took into consideration the variance of river topography where 7 meanders, 2 islands and several bank depositions characterize the geometry of the river. The implemented regulation schemes on Tigris River have reduced 44% of water discharges compared to previous period. The spatial variance in topography was effectively scattering the results of the applied twenty bed load formulas. The study results indicated that the complicated geometry of the river reach makes finding a unique representative bed load formula along the study reach rather difficult, and there is no grantee to have good agreement with measurements in the irregular cross sections (meanders, sand bars, etc.). The closest bed load prediction formulas were van Rijn1984. The annual transported quantities of bed load were estimated to be 30 thousand tons (minimum) in 2009 and 50 thousand tons (maximum) in 2013.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scienpress.com , 2017. Vol. 7, no 4, p. 55-75
Keywords [en]
Bed load sampling, spatial bed load, Helley-Smith sampler, meandering river, sand bed, prediction formula, Tigris River.
National Category
Engineering and Technology Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65753OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65753DiVA, id: diva2:1143207
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 1;2017-10-03 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved

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https://www.scienpress.com/journal_focus.asp?main_id=59&Sub_id=IV&Issue=446735

Authority records BETA

Ali, Ammar A.Al-Ansari, NadhirKnutsson, Sven

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