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Values, beliefs and elite decision-making: The case of the Markbygden wind power development
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3242-0726
2017 (English)In: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The outputs of political processes, i.e. policy, reflect rational cost-benefit calculations and power relationships, but are also shaped by the values and beliefs of policy actors, i.e. sovereigns, involved in the decision-making process. Values and beliefs affect how rational analyses and power relationships are understood and valued by sovereigns. This article suggests that understanding sovereigns’ values and beliefs is, however, necessary but insufficient for understanding concrete policy outputs, particularly in complex policy processes characterized by conflicting interests and values. In such cases, sovereigns are forced to prioritize among their values and beliefs. This article proposes a framework for studying how sovereigns prioritize among their values and beliefs. This framework is then used to study a complex policy process ridden with conflicts of interest and value-conflicts, which highlights the value and necessity of studying sovereigns, their values and beliefs, as well as the prioritizations they make among those values and beliefs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
public policy; values; beliefs; Advocacy Coalition Framework; wind power
National Category
Political Science Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65786OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-65786DiVA, id: diva2:1143956
Available from: 2017-09-24 Created: 2017-09-24 Last updated: 2018-04-17
In thesis
1. Locating Wind Power Policy: The Mechanics of Policy Subsystem Interactions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Locating Wind Power Policy: The Mechanics of Policy Subsystem Interactions
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation investigates the drivers behind political decision-making and the policy outcomes resulting from political decisions. It is proposed that in policy processes where political decisions are made at multiple levels or across multiple policy subsystems, policy outcomes can be understood in terms of the mechanisms (i.e. the processes or means) of interaction between multiple policy subsystems within which political decisions are made,resulting in more or less policy alignment between political decisions and policy outcomes. Policy network theory and policy subsystem theory are used separately as the basis forderiving two potential explanations for the mechanics of policy subsystem interactions. Because political decision-making authority in the wind power policy process in most Western democratic countries is spread across multiple policy subsystems, and because there has been significant variation between wind power policy outcomes between these countries, wind power policy processes in European Union countries are used as an empirical point-of-departure for exploring and illustrating the mechanics of policy subsystem interaction. A survey of the research on wind power development is used to illustrate and explore preliminary empirical indications of support for a framework derived from policy network theory. The case of political decisions made in Sweden over the past twenty years related to wind power development and production is used to illustrate and explore preliminary empirical indications of support for an explanation of policy subsystem interactions derived from the Advocacy Coalition Framework proposed here, as well as to explore the drivers of political decisions. This dissertation therefore contributes to understanding how policy subsystems interact. The dissertation contributes theoretically to the literature on policy processes generally, as well as to network/network management theory, and to the Advocacy Coalition Framework/policy subsystem theory. It also contributes to understanding two strategically chosen, embedded cases within the broader case study of political decision-making in the wind power policy process in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2017. p. 149
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keywords
policy analysis; policy implementation; advocacy coalition framework; network management; wind power; renewable energy
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65790 (URN)978-91-7583-975-2 (ISBN)978-91-7583-976-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-03, A1547, Luleå, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-09-25 Created: 2017-09-24 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Matti, SimonNewell, David

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