Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Hur kan magnetisk resonanstomografi användas för tidig diagnos av autism: Konsekvenser för röntgensjuksköterskor
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How can magnetic resonance imaging be used for an early diagnosis of autism : Consequences for radiology nurses (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Autism eller Autismspektrumtillstånd (AST) kännetecknas av varierande svårigheter inom tre områden: förmåga till ömsesidigt socialt samspel, förmåga till ömsesidig kommunikation och föreställningsförmåga, flexibilitet och variation i beteende och intressen. AST drabbar cirka 1 % av barnen i Sverige och anses uppkomma till följd av avvikelser i vissa delar av hjärnan. Diagnosen AST görs vanligen efter två års ålder med hjälp av intervjuer med närstående och observationer av barnets beteende. Sökandet efter abnormiteter i hjärnan hos barn med AST har pågått sedan 1980-talet. Tekniska framsteg i datorer och magnetisk resonanstomografi (MR) innebär att forskare kan kartlägga hjärnan som aldrig tidigare. Syftet: Syftet med studien var att sammanställa och beskriva den senaste forskningen om MRs användning för tidig diagnos av autism och beskriva konsekvenser för röntgensjuksköterskans yrke. Metod: Studien har gjorts som en allmän litteraturöversikt. Fjorton vetenskapliga artiklar kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades. Resultat: Resultaten delades först upp i tre olika grupper: fynd från strukturell MR, fynd från funktionell MR och konsekvenser för röntgensjuksköterskor. Dessa grupper delades ytterligare till ett antal underkategorier. Slutsats: Ett flertal avvikelser i hjärnan hittades hos barn som senare utvecklar AST. Avvikelser i hjärnvolymen, extra-axiell vätska, corpus callosum, anisotropiska värden, bearbetning av ljud och visuell orienteringsförmåga. Det verkar troligt att efter mer forskning blir dessa biomarkörer tillräckligt pålitliga att användas som diagnostiskt verktyg. Om MR undersökningar av barn med AST blir rutinmässiga kommer röntgensjuksköterskor att behöva ny kunskap och ny kompetens framför allt med hantering av barn med AST.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Autism or Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by varying degrees of difficulty in three areas: mutual social interaction, mutual communication and imagination, flexibility and variety of behavior and interests. ASD affects approximately 1% of children in Sweden and is thought to be due to deviations in certain regions of the brain. A diagnosis is usually made after the age of two with the help of interviews with family members and observations of the child’s behaviour. The search for abnormalities in the brains of children with ASD had been going on since the 1980s. Technical advances in computers and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) mean that researchers can map the brain like never before. Aim: The aim of this study was to compile and describe the latest research on MRI's use for the early diagnosis of autism and describe the consequences for the radiology nurse's profession. Method: The study has been conducted as a literature review. Fourteen scientific articles were quality controlled and analyzed. Results: The results were first divided into three different groups: findings from structural MRI, findings from functional MRI and consequences for radiology nurses. These groups were then divided further into a number of subgroups. Conclusion: A number of abnormalities were found in the brains of children who later develop ASD. Abnormalities were found in brain volume, extra-axial fluid, corpus callosum, fractional anisotropy values, processing of sound and visual orientation. It seems probable that after more research these biomarkers will become reliable enough to be used as a diagnostic tool. If MRI examinations of children with ASD become routine then radiology nurses will need new knowledge and skills above all in the handling of children with ASD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Autism, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Magnetic resonance imaging, radiology nurse, biomarker.
Keywords [sv]
Autism, Autismspektrumtillstånd, magnetisk resonanstomografi, röntgensjuksköterska, biomarkör.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67294OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-67294DiVA, id: diva2:1174778
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Diagnostic Radiology Nursing, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1026 kB)69 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1026 kBChecksum SHA-512
9412ee21e6bf9ac13a00721e96ae5d756e3e641f69e2baef4be3ac65f620d454b1dc7d4f7b59461a157c3e454724e75dbf1bc8ef7850c7a3e3ecb03ff057fb89
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
Medical and Health SciencesRadiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 69 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 159 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf