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Värmeflöden genom gröna tak i subarktiskt klimat: En studie av det gröna taket på Sjunde Huset i Kiruna
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Some of the problems with today’s urban civilizations are the lack of green areas and that the cities are getting warmer and warmer. Building green roofs contributes to a reduced greenhouse effect, as plants have a cooling effect that reduces the heat generated in both houses and cities. The greenhouse effect is reduced by the fact that the plants on the roof reflect much more solar energy than a black ceiling, which instead absorbs the heat. The plants help to make the building more energy efficient. Green roofs also contribute to the emergence of new green areas in cities where the settlement has taken over the city.

The purpose of the study has been to, from an energy perspective, examine the advantages and potential disadvantages of green roof energy performance in the subarctic climate. The study has been conducted by analyzing measured heat flow and temperature conditions during a winter season. The study was delimited to the green roof of Sjunde Huset in Kiruna, Norrbotten, Sweden. The research questions examined are the advantages and disadvantages of energy performance for green roofs, how does the energy performance vary for green roofs in cold climate during the season and what energy performance has the green roof under investigation in the subarctic climate.

The study has been done through analysis of measurement data to see if the cooling effect from an energy perspective can be a disadvantage in a so-called subarctic climate. The analysis has also investigated whether the heat-insulating and heat-storing effect can be an advantage from an energy perspective in a so-called subarctic climate. The test period under review is from October 25, 2016 to January 4, 2017. The test period shows changes at different times. These times have been explored more closely. Collected measurement data has been analyzed using Excel chart against data for different weather conditions from SMHI. The different weather conditions are solar time, global radiation, wind speed and wind direction. Parameters that are also taken into account are polar night, night radiation, night cooling and snow conditions.

The results show that green roofs are more beneficial in the subarctic climate from an energy perspective compared to black roofs. The green roof has lower temperature changes and heat flow than a traditional black roof. The internal temperature and heat flow of the green roof remain stable with minor changes during the winter period that is studied. The green roof has less temperature changes, heat flow and more stable indoor temperature than the black roof can depend, inter alia, on the thermal mass of the roof and the insulating capacity of the soil layer, which provides better thermal insulation. High wind velocities and low outdoor air temperatures can also be contributing factors to a cooling that causes slight changes in heat flow.

Since the snow layer can function as an extra insulating layer and the test period only lasted until January 4, it would be interesting to see further studies where the entire winter season is analyzed. This is to see how the green roof behaves during a whole winter season, but also in the spring when large amounts of melt water can contribute to condensation that can affect heat flow. In the spring, large temperature differences can occur during day and night times that can affect heat flow through the green roof.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 64
Keywords [en]
Heat flow, Green roof, Subarctic climate
Keywords [sv]
Värmeflöde, Gröna tak, Subarktiskt klimat
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-67502DiVA, id: diva2:1179990
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Architectural Engineering, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-08 Created: 2018-02-03 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved

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