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Stöd till sexuell hälsa bland HBT-ungdomar
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Support to sexual Health amongst LGBT-youth (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Forskning visar att homo- bi- och/eller transsexuella ungdomar inte alltid får relevant sexualundervisning som är kopplad till deras sexuella läggning. Studier visar även på att homo- bi- och/eller transsexuella ungdomar har ett riskbeteende när det kommer till sex, att dessa ungdomar hämtar information från pornografin. Homo- bi- och/eller transsexuella ungdomar är i större utsträckning påverkade av alkohol eller droger när de har sexuellt umgänge. Dessa ungdomar upplever även utanförskap och vågar inte tala om sin sexualitet, vilket kan resultera i att de utsätter sig för risk att skada sig själva.

Syfte: Att undersöka det stöd som homo- bi- och/eller transsexuella ungdomar får gällande sexuell hälsa från skola och skolsköterskor.

Metod: Studien hade en kvantitativ ansats, den genomfördes som en enkätstudie som skapades via Google Form och kunde nås via en länk. Enkäten hade totalt 17 stycken frågor, 15 stycken med fasta svarsalternativ och 2 stycken öppna.

Resultat: Ungdomar var mest negativt inställda till skolsköterskans bemötande kring sexuell hälsa och sexuella frågor vilket berodde på skolsköterskans heteronormativa synsätt. Många av homo- och bisexuella ungdomar ansåg att skolan var en viktig del i att kunna erbjuda rätt information om sexuell hälsa. Vissa ungdomar sökte information på egen hand och visste inte ens att de kunde samtala med skolsköterskan om sexuella hälsa.

Slutsats: Skolsköterskan behöver ha mer kunskap för att kunna bemöta ungdomar som identifierar sig som homo- bi- och/eller transsexuella och inte ha ett heteronormativ inställning samt anpassa miljön inne på mottagning som bidrar till öppen klimat för homo- bi- och/eller transsexuella ungdomar.

Abstract [en]

Background: Research shows that LGBT youth do not always receive relevant sexual education linked to their sexual orientation. Studies also show that LGBT youth have a risk behavior when it comes to sex, that they get their information from alternative sites that also includes pornography. LGBT youth are more likely to be influenced by alcohol or drugs when they have sexual intercourse. LGBT youth experience exclusion and dare not to talk about their sexuality, which may result in the risk of harming themselves.

Aim: The purpose is to investigate the support that gay and transgender youth receive regarding sexual health from school and school nurses.

Method: The study had a quantitative approach, it was conducted by a survey that was created through Google Forms and could be accessed through a link. The survey had a total of 17 questions, 15 questions with fixed options and 2 were open.  

Results: Young people were most disadvantaged to the school nurse's concerns about sexual health and sexual issues, which was due to the heteronormative approach by the school nurse. Many of the LGBT youths considered that school was an important part of being able to offer proper information on sexual health. Some young people searched for information on their own and did not even know that they could talk to the school nurse about sexual health.  

Conclusion: The nurse needs more knowledge to be able to approach adolescence who identify as LGBT and not have a heteronormative attitude as well as adapt the environment at the reception that promotes open climate for LGBT youths.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
LGBTQ, nursing, school nurse, sexual health, sexual orientation, survey, youth.
Keywords [sv]
Enkätstudie, HBTQ, omvårdnad, sexuell hälsa, sexuell läggning, skolsköterska, ungdomar.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67582OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-67582DiVA, id: diva2:1181624
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Specialist Nursing, Primary Health Care
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-13 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-02-13Bibliographically approved

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