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Experiences of fear of falling in persons with Parkinson’s disease: a qualitative study
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation. Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, .ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5294-3332
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
2018 (English)In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Fear of falling is common among persons with Parkinson’s disease and is negatively associated with quality of life. However a lack of in-depth understanding of fear of falling as a phenomenon persists. This qualitative study aimed to explore the experiences of fear of falling in persons with Parkinson’s disease.

Methods

Individual interviews were performed with twelve persons with Parkinson’s disease (median age 70 years, median Parkinson duration 9 years, 50% women). The interviews were semi-structured and followed a study-specific interview guide. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Results

Fear of falling was experienced as a disturbing factor in everyday life. It generated a feeling of vulnerability and made daily activities and everyday environments seem potentially hazardous. Persons also missed performing previous activities. The fear of falling was a varying experience, fueled by an awareness of falls and near falls, Parkinson-related symptoms and disabilities, and by others in their environment. The persons adopted different strategies to handle their fear of falling. Activities were adapted, avoided, performed with help, or carried out despite their fear of falling.

Conclusions

The experiences of fear of falling were complex, multifaceted and varied over time and in relation to different activities and environments. This indicates that interventions targeting fear of falling need to be individually tailored for persons with Parkinson’s disease and should focus on several aspects, such as Parkinson-related symptoms and disabilities, activities and environmental factors. This study provides new information that increases the understanding of fear of falling, which has implications for researchers as well as clinicians working with persons with Parkinson’s disease and fear of falling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 18, no 1, article id 44
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Occupational therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67590DOI: 10.1186/s12877-018-0735-1ISI: 000424758800003PubMedID: 29409443Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85041541025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-67590DiVA, id: diva2:1181804
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-02-12 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-03-02Bibliographically approved

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