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A Deorbiter CubeSat for Active Orbital Debris Removal
Institute for Aerospace Studies, University of Toronto .
Institute for Aerospace Studies, University of Toronto.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Institute for Aerospace Studies, University of Toronto.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4977-6339
2018 (English)In: Advances in Space Research, ISSN 0273-1177, E-ISSN 1879-1948, Vol. 61, no 9, p. 2377-2392Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper introduces a mission concept for active removal of orbital debris based on the utilization of the CubeSat form factor. The CubeSat is deployed from a carrier spacecraft, known as a mothership, and is equipped with orbital and attitude control actuators to attach to the target debris, stabilize its attitude, and subsequently move the debris to a lower orbit where atmospheric drag is high enough for the bodies to burn up. The mass and orbit altitude of debris objects that are within the realms of the CubeSat’s propulsion capabilities are identified. The attitude control schemes for the detumbling and deorbiting phases of the mission are specified. The objective of the deorbiting maneuver is to decrease the semi-major axis of the debris orbit, at the fastest rate, from its initial value to a final value of about 6,471 km (i.e., 100 km above Earth considering a circular orbit) via a continuous low-thrust orbital transfer. Two case studies are investigated to verify the performance of the deorbiter CubeSat during the detumbling and deorbiting phases of the mission. The baseline target debris used in the study are the decommissioned KOMPSAT-1 satellite and the Pegasus rocket body. The results show that the deorbiting times for the target debris are reduced significantly, from several decades to one or two years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 61, no 9, p. 2377-2392
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Onboard space systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67831DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2018.02.021ISI: 000430903800015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-67831DiVA, id: diva2:1187451
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-04-11 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2018-03-05 Created: 2018-03-05 Last updated: 2018-05-14Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273117718301613

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