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Pre‐Viking Swedish Hillfort Glass: A Prospective Long‐Term Alteration Analogue for Vitrified Nuclear Waste
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland; National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2544-6087
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland; School of Materials and Mechanical Engineering, Washington State University.
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2018 (English)In: The International Journal of Applied Glass Science (IJAGS), E-ISSN 2041-1294Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Models for long‐term glass alteration are required to satisfy performance predictions of vitrified nuclear waste in various disposal scenarios. Durability parameters are usually extracted from short‐term laboratory tests, and sometimes checked with long‐term natural experiments on glasses, termed analogues. In this paper, a unique potential ancient glass analogue from Sweden is discussed. The hillfort glass found at Broborg represents a unique case study as a vitrified waste glass analogue to compare to Low Activity Waste glass to be emplaced in near surface conditions at Hanford (Washington State). Glasses at Broborg have similar and dissimilar compositions to LAW glass, allowing the testing of long‐term alteration of different glass chemistries. Additionally, the environmental history of the site is reasonably well documented. Initial investigations on previously collected samples established methodologies for handling and characterizing these artifacts by laboratory methods while preserving their alteration layers and cultural context. Evidence of possible biologically influenced glass alteration, and differential alteration in the two types of glass found at the Broborg site is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018.
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68051DOI: 10.1111/ijag.12351OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68051DiVA, id: diva2:1192920
Available from: 2018-03-23 Created: 2018-03-23 Last updated: 2018-05-07

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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