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Energy Supply Potentials in the Northern Counties of Finland, Norway and Sweden towards Sustainable Nordic Electricity and Heating Sectors: A Review
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6774-7131
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4400-3276
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4532-4530
2018 (English)In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 11, no 4, article id 751Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The lands in the northernmost corner of Europe present contradictory aspects in their social and economic development. Urban settlements are relatively few and small-sized, but rich natural resources (minerals, forests, rivers) attract energy-intensive industries. Energy demand is increasing as a result of new investments in mining and industries, while reliable energy supply is threatened by the planned phase out of Swedish nuclear power, the growth of intermittent power supplies and the need to reduce fossil fuel consumption, especially in the Finnish and Norwegian energy sectors. Given these challenges, this paper investigates the potentials of so far unexploited energy resources in the northern counties of Finland, Norway and Sweden by comparing and critically analyzing data from statistic databases, governmental reports, official websites, research projects and academic publications. The criteria for the technical and economic definition of potentials are discussed separately for each resource. It is concluded that, despite the factors that reduce the theoretical potentials, significant sustainable techno-economic potentials exist for most of the resources, providing important insights about the possible strategies to contribute to a positive socio-economic development in the considered regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel, Switzerland: MDPI , 2018. Vol. 11, no 4, article id 751
Keywords [en]
potentials, energy supply, renewable sources, Nordic countries
National Category
Engineering and Technology Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68132DOI: 10.3390/en11040751ISI: 000434703400062Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045377579OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68132DiVA, id: diva2:1194516
Funder
Interreg Nord, 20200589
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-04-09 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-06-28Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/11/4/751

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