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Water Quality within the Tigris and Euphrates Catchments
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Expert and Consultant Hydrogeologists, Baghdad, Iraq .
LTU team.
University of Kurdistan, Howler, KRG, Iraq and Private Con sultant Geologist, Erbil, Iraq.
Show others and affiliations
2018 (English)In: Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, ISSN 1792-9040, E-ISSN 1792-9660, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 95-121Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Euphrates and Tigris Rivers are the longest two rivers in southwest Asia. The Basins of these rivers cover an area of 917 103 km2 which is occupied by about 46 million inhabitants. Four countries (Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria) share the basin area of the Tigris River and the other four (Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia) share the catchment area of the Euphrates River. The flow of the two rivers is decreasing with time due to construction of dams in the upstream part of the basins and climate change. This has impacted the water quality of the two rivers. Iraq is highly affected followed by Syria. The salinity of Tigris Rivers has become alarming downstream Baghdad while the Euphrates water quality deteriorates before entering the Iraqi border. To overcome water quality deterioration, international, regional and national cooperation is required to reach prudent planning for water resources management of the two basins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Scienpress Ltd , 2018. Vol. 8, no 3, p. 95-121
Keywords [en]
Euphrates River, Turkey, Syria, Iraq
National Category
Engineering and Technology Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68447DiVA, id: diva2:1199708
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 1;2018-04-30 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2018-04-22 Created: 2018-04-22 Last updated: 2018-05-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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