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Calcium chloride acceleration in ordinary Portland cement
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo .
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6287-2240
2018 (English)In: Magazine of Concrete Research, ISSN 0024-9831, E-ISSN 1751-763X, Vol. 70, no 16, p. 856-863Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Early-age hydration of ordinary Portland cement is now acknowledged to originate from nucleation and crystal growth of calcium–silicate–hydrates. The acceleration mechanism of water-soluble inorganic substances, such as calcium chloride, is still unclear. In the present study, the acceleration mechanism was approached in two independent ways. First, the acceleration effect of filler materials (limestone and quartz powder) and calcium chloride (CaCl2) were studied experimentally with a conduction calorimeter. Second, the calcium chloride effect was studied with thermodynamic modelling. The experimental test results showed that the filler materials accelerated the acceleration period of ordinary Portland cement hydration, whereas calcium chloride accelerated hydration throughout the 24 h measuring period. A synergistic effect was observed with fillers and calcium chloride. Thermodynamic modelling indicated that calcium chloride provides a supersaturation with respect to pure calcium–silicate–hydrate. It was concluded that the supersaturation provides a qualitative explanation for both calcium chloride-induced acceleration and the synergistic effect observed with fillers

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ICE publishing , 2018. Vol. 70, no 16, p. 856-863
National Category
Building Technologies Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68745DOI: 10.1680/jmacr.17.00079ISI: 000438392100004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85049945938OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68745DiVA, id: diva2:1206200
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-07 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2018-05-16 Created: 2018-05-16 Last updated: 2018-08-07Bibliographically approved

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Cwirzen, Andrzej

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