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Effect of Additional Surfaces on Ordinary Portland Cement Early-Age Hydration
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Espoo.
VTT Expert Services Oy, Espoo.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6287-2240
2017 (English)In: Materials Sciences and Applications, ISSN 2153-117X, E-ISSN 2153-1188, Vol. 8, no 12, article id 80241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Early-age hydration of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) was studied in the presence of two additional surfaces. Additional surfaces are known to accelerate the early-age hydration of OPC. Autocatalytic reaction modelling was used to determine acceleration mechanism of additional surfaces. Heat development of the hydration was measured with semi-adiabatic calorimetry and the results were modelled with an autocatalytic reaction. Autocatalytic reaction modelling was able to determine number of initially active nucleation sites in early-age hydration. OPC hydration followed autocatalytic reaction principles throughout induction period and accelerating period. Both of the added surfaces, limestone filler and calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H) coated limestone filler accelerated the early-age hydration. According to autocatalytic modelling, the C-S-H coated filler increased the number of initially active nucleation sites. Pristine limestone filler accelerated the early-age hydration by providing the additional nucleation sites throughout the early-age hydration. The difference was explained with common theories of nucleation and crystal growth. Autocatalytic model and measured calorimeter curve started to significantly deviate at the inflection point, where the reaction mode changed. The reaction mode change depended on the average particle distance. Early-age hydration, modelled as autocatalytic reaction was able to improve understanding of OPC early-age hydration and quantify the number of initially active nucleation sites. Understanding and quantifying the acceleration mechanisms in early-age hydration will aid larger utilization of supplementary cementitious materials where understanding the early-age strength development is crucial

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing, 2017. Vol. 8, no 12, article id 80241
National Category
Other Materials Engineering Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68746DOI: 10.4236/msa.2017.812063OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68746DiVA, id: diva2:1206205
Available from: 2018-05-16 Created: 2018-05-16 Last updated: 2018-08-15Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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