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Geotechnical and chemical characterization of field-applied fly ash as sealing material over mine tailings
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering. Department of Environment and Mineral Resources Greenland Institute of Natural Resources Nuuk.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering. School of Science and Technology, Örebro University.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering. Ramböll Sverige AB Luleå.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7585-4017
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 1735-1472, E-ISSN 1735-2630Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The present study addresses the geotechnical and chemical properties of sealing materials using a paper mill by-product, fly ash, on top of sulfide-bearing mine waste tailings after 5 years of field application. From a geotechnical perspective, the low in situ bulk density (≤ 1500 kg/m3) ensured a high degree of water saturation (90.2%) for the field-applied ash. The chemical characteristics and behaviors of the fly ash samples reflected a high long-term leaching capacity (liquid-to-solid ratio of 10 cm3/g) and high alkalinity (liquid-to-solid ratio of up to 500 cm3/g). The laboratory leaching results suggested that none of the elements released from the field-applied ash exceeded the EU limits for inert materials, and the concentrations of elements were far below the limits for hazardous materials at landfill sites. Based on the in situ and laboratory characterizations of the field-applied ash, the fly ash sealing material was considered geotechnically stable. However, a number of geotechnical parameters could not be measured due to the cementation of the ash. Moreover, the chemical composition of the field-applied ash exhibited considerable variations when compared with that of the raw ash generated from the same paper mill. Overall, the field-applied ash displayed high alkalinity and effectively buffered the acid generated from sulfidic tailings for long-term sealing purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018.
National Category
Geochemistry
Research subject
Applied Geochemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68841DOI: 10.1007/s13762-018-1738-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68841DiVA, id: diva2:1209191
Available from: 2018-05-22 Created: 2018-05-22 Last updated: 2018-05-31

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Maurice, ChristianÖhlander, Björn

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