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Techno-economic analysis and performance comparison of aqueous deep eutectic solvent and other physical absorbents for biogas upgrading
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science. State Key Laboratory of Material-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0453-0450
State Key Laboratory of Material-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing.
State Key Laboratory of Material-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0200-9960
2018 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 225, p. 437-447Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Biogas has been considered as an alternative renewable energy, and CO2 removal from raw biogas (i.e. biogas upgrading) is needed for producing biomethane to be used as vehicle fuels or injected into the natural gas grid. Biogas upgrading with physical absorbents, such as water and other commercial organic solvents, is simple, efficient and with low energy requirements for regeneration. Recently, deep eutectic solvents (DESs) with nonvolatility, nonflammability and low price have been reported as promising alternatives to replace conventional physical absorbents in many research areas including biogas upgrading. However, the performances of these physical solvents including conventional physical absorbents and DES-based solvents have not been evaluated and compared with each other. In this work, the properties of 4 physical solvents (i.e. water, dimethyl ether of polyethylene glycol (DEPG), propylene carbonate (PC), and aqueous DES (AQDES)) were compared. Furthermore, a conceptual process was developed to upgrade biogas with these solvents and simulated based on Aspen Plus in order to conduct performance comparison. The simulation results of energy utilization, the amount of recirculated solvents and the diameters of absorber and desorber were analyzed and compared based on equilibrium and rate-based approaches, respectively. The simulation results based on the rate-based approach were further used to estimate the costs of biogas upgrading process with a same raw biogas capacity for comparison. Meanwhile, the specific cost of biogas upgrading process with a same size of equipment was also evaluated. The results show that the CO2 solubility, selectivity and viscosity are three more important properties, providing valuable information for developing novel physical solvents for CO2 separation. The simulation results show that the equilibrium and rate-based approaches result in different conclusions, especially when the solvent viscosity is relatively high, and the rate-based approach is preferable. Based on the simulation results from the rate-based approach, the performances of AQDES and PC are similar with a same amount of energy utilization, that is around 11% lower than water, and DEPG is inferior to water. For the case with the same gas capacity, the total annual costs of biogas upgrading process with these solvents show the following order: DEPG > AQ60wt.%DES > water > AQ50wt.%DES ≈ PC. For the case with the same size of equipment, compared to water, the total specific costs of biogas upgrading process with PC and AQ50wt.%DES decrease by about 30% and 45%, respectively, and the treated biogas capacities increase to 1.5 and 2 times, respectively. In general, both PC and AQ50wt.%DES show better performance than the other solvents. Considering that DES is an environmentally benign solvent, and the performance of DES can be greatly improved by further designing, it is more promising

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 225, p. 437-447
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68870DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.04.112ISI: 000438181000032Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85046867612OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68870DiVA, id: diva2:1209670
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-05-23 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-05-23 Created: 2018-05-23 Last updated: 2018-08-08Bibliographically approved

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Ma, ChunyanJi, Xiaoyan

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