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Gender and diagnostic impact on everyday technology use: a differential item functioning (DIF) analysis of the Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire (ETUQ)
Division of Occupational Therapy, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge; Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago.
Division of Occupational Therapy, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0341-6197
Division of Occupational Therapy, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge.
2018 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: As the use of everyday technology is increasingly important for participation in daily activities, more in-depth knowledge of everyday technology use in relation to diagnosis and gender is needed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of the perceived challenge of a variety of everyday technologies across different samples of varying diagnoses including both males and females.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used 643 data records from clinical and research samples, including persons with dementia or related disorders, acquired brain injury, intellectual disability, various mental or medical disorders, and adults without known diagnoses. The Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire, comprising 93 everyday technology artifacts and services (items) measuring the level of everyday technology challenge and relevance of and perceived ability to use these was used for data gathering. A two-faceted Rasch model in combination with differential item functioning (DIF) analyses were used for comparing item hierarchies across samples.

Results: Only three items (3.2%) demonstrated a clinically relevant DIF by gender, and nine items (9.7%) by diagnosis.

Discussion: The findings support a stable hierarchy of everyday technology challenge in home and community that can facilitate planning of an accessible and inclusive society from a technological departure point.

  • Implications for Rehabilitation
  • The ability to manage everyday technology is increasingly important for participation in everyday activities at home and in the community for people with and without disabilities.

  • This study demonstrates that differences in perceived challenges in using various everyday technologies across gender and diagnosis are minimal.

  • The findings provide evidence of no or minor systematic bias in testing when using the Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire in clinical practice and research.

  • Empirical knowledge about the perceived challenge of specific everyday technologies of people with variations in gender or diagnosis is still sparse, hence this study can inspire practice and future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Occupational therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68890DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2018.1472816PubMedID: 29786461OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68890DiVA, id: diva2:1209832
Available from: 2018-05-24 Created: 2018-05-24 Last updated: 2018-05-28

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Larsson-Lund, Maria

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