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Angry Voices from the Past and Present: Effects on Adults' and Children's Earwitness Memory
Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
Göteborgs universitet, institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskap.
Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, ISSN 1544-4759, E-ISSN 1544-4767, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 57-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The major aim was to examine the effect of the perpetrator’s tone of voice and time delay on voice recognition. In addition, the effect of two types of voice description interviews intended to strengthen voice encoding was tested. Both 11- to 13-year-olds (n = 160) and adults (n = 148) heard an unfamiliar voice for 40 s. The perpetrator either spoke in a normal tone at encoding and in the lineup (congruent), or in an angry tone at encoding and a normal tone in the lineup (incongruent). Witnesses were then interviewed about the voice with global questions or by rating voice characteristics. Half of the witnesses were presented with a lineup shortly after the interview (immediate) and the others after 2 weeks (delayed). Children tested immediately made significantly more correct identifications. This was not the case for adults. (In)congruency between tone of voice and interview type did not significantly affect voice recognition. Witnesses in the congruent–immediate condition performed the best. However, only 25% of the children and 19% of the adults made correct identifications. Poor identification accuracy and the fact that the majority of witnesses believed they would recognise the voice later are reasons for treating voice identification evidence with great caution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2013. Vol. 10, no 1, p. 57-70
Keywords [en]
Earwitnesses, children, voice identification, tone of voice, time delay, voice recognition, voice descriptions
National Category
Psychology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68903DOI: 10.1002/jip.1381OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68903DiVA, id: diva2:1209997
Available from: 2018-05-25 Created: 2018-05-25 Last updated: 2018-05-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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