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Overhearing the Planning of A Crime: Do Adults Outperform Children As Earwitnesses?
Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskap.
Göteborgs universitet, psykologiska institutionen.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, ISSN 0882-0783, E-ISSN 1936-6469, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 118-127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined the reliability of earwitnesses using an ecologically realistic experimental set-up. A total of 282 participants, distributed over three age-groups (7–9 vs. 11–13 year olds vs. adults), were exposed to an unfamiliar voice for 40 seconds. After a two week delay, they were presented with a 7-voice lineup. Half of the participants were exposed to a target-present lineup (TP), and the other half to a target-absent lineup (TA). For both types of lineups the participants performed poorly. In the TP-condition only the 11–13-year olds (with 27% correct identifications) performed above chance level. Furthermore, in the TA-condition all age- groups showed a high willingness to make an identification (overall mean = 53%). For both groups of children, voice identification co-varied significantly with speaking rate and pitch level, as did pitch variation for the youngest children. Neither factor correlated significantly with the adults’ identifications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 26, no 2, p. 118-127
Keywords [en]
Earwitnesses; Children; Voice identification; Lineup
National Category
Psychology Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68909DOI: 10.1007/s11896-010-9076-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-68909DiVA, id: diva2:1210011
Available from: 2018-05-25 Created: 2018-05-25 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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