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Seniora medborgares uppfattning om robotar som hjälpmedel i dagliga aktiviteter i hemmet
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehabilitation.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att beskriva vilken uppfattning seniora medborgare har angående möjligheten att ta hjälp av en robot i hemmet. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats. Semistrukturerade intervjuer gjordes med hjälp av en intervjuguide med öppna frågor. I studien deltog 14 personer mellan 65 och 75 år. Bekvämlighetsurval och snöbollsprincipen användes vid urval. Insamlade data analyserades genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys och resulterade i tre kategorier: Robotar kan bidra till ökad delaktighet i aktivitet. Robotar kan bidra till ökad integritet och autonomi samt Robotar kan orsaka rädslor och känslor av obehag. Resultatet visade att deltagarna kunde se stora möjligheter att självständigt kunna genomföra viktiga aktiviteter med stöd av robotar. Robottekniken ansågs av deltagarna kunde bidra till kvarboendet genom att underlätta de nödvändiga dagliga aktiviteterna. Resultatet visade också att deltagarna hade uttalade rädslor, i samband med tankar på framtida robotinsatser och befarade att mänsklig kontakt kommer att ersättas med robotteknik. Resultatet av studien kan bidra till en ökad insikt om seniora medborgares perspektiv på aktivitet och insats av robotar i hemmet, vilket kan ses som en förutsättning för att kunna bemöta seniorernas individuella behov.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to describe the perception of robotic assistance at home among the senior sitizens. The study design was qualitative, semi-structured interviews were performed using open questions. 14 participants between 65 and 75 years old were included. For selection of participants, the convenience sampling and snowball sampling method were used. Data analysis was qualitative and resulted in three categories:  robots can contribute to increased participation in activity; robots can contribute to increased autonomy and integrity and  robots can cause fear and discomfort. The results showed that the participants saw a large potential in being able to independently perform important activities with the help of robotic assistance. By facilitating daily activities, the robot technique could support the senior population to live and age in their homes. But the study also showed that the participants feared that robots might replace personal contact. The results of this study can contribute to an increased insight into the senior sitizens view about the use of robotic assistance at home. This is a requirement to meet the individual needs of the senior population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-69064OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-69064DiVA, id: diva2:1212657
Educational program
Occupational Therapist, bachelor’s level; Occupational Therapist, bachelor’s level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-03 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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