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Energy Supply & Optimization of New Tannery in Bangladesh
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Böle Garveri is a tannery located outside Piteå with a long history of leather production. They are planning a new tannery in Bangladesh as a step in their ongoing expansion of their business. The leather industry in Bangladesh is currently chemically heavy and in many cases highly toxic to the environment. Böle Garveri intends to change the view of the leather industry with their green tanning process and commissioned this project to energy map the tannery, optimize their production and investigate the possibilities of becoming self sustaining with power production. The investigated parts of the production was transport and cooling of hides, drying of the tanned leather and the supply of heat and electricity. The tannery will be situated in the Bagatipara region of Bangladesh, occupy an area of 1500 m2 and have an annual capacity of 20 tonnes finished leather. It will employ 42 people directly and up to 5000 farmers indirectly. As the hides are delivered raw, there is need for cooling both during transport and in the tanneries storage facility. The recommended transportation option is to use an insulated truck without active cooling. The recommended coldstorage solution is a cold room of 4,2x3,4 m, insulated with 200 mm polyurethane boards which results in a capacity of 103 hides. The room will be cooled with a compressor driven heat pump with an effect of 2 kW, operating with air on bothcondenser and evaporator side. The recommended dryer is a hot air dryer with a heat-exchanger between ingoing and outgoing air, which is heated by the outgoing stream from the power production. It has a capacity to dry 31 hides in 36 hours and has a required power of 4,1kw which yield a theoretical efficiency of 50 %. Results from the energy mapping shows that the tannery will need 190 MWh thermal energy and 62 MWh electrical energy annually. To cover this demand the recommendation is to invest in a 130 m3, plug-flow type digester operating with co-digestion of manure and bagasse. The annual substrate demand of the biogas plant will be 100 tonnes of bagasse and 343 tonnes of manure. The total investment cost for the recommended biogas plant will be 149 kSEK and it will have a pay-back time of 3 years. Analysis of process streams indicated that the process water can be used as mixing water for the biogas plant, but further analysis of the impact of contaminantson the bacteria is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 129
Keywords [en]
Tannery Energy Optimization Cooling Drying Supply Digester Biogas
Keywords [sv]
Garveri Energi Optimering Kylning Torkning Rötning Biogas
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-69280OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-69280DiVA, id: diva2:1215962
External cooperation
Böle Garveri AB
Educational program
Sustainable Energy Engineering, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-10 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2018-09-30 19:00
Available from 2018-09-30 19:00

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