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Surface Modification by Vanadium Pentoxide Turns Oxide Nanocrystals into Powerful Adsorbents of Methylene Blue
Istituto per la Microelettronica e i Microsistemi, IMM-CNR, Via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1785-7177
Istituto per la Microelettronica e i Microsistemi, IMM-CNR, Via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 533, p. 369-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hypothesis: If nanocrystals of such semiconductor as SnO2 and TiO2, which are not known as powerful adsorbents, have their surface modified by layer of V2O5, how will the adsorption properties be affected? Answering this question would provide a new set of surface properties to be designed by surface engineering of oxide nanocrystals.

Experiments: SnO2 and TiO2 colloidal nanocrystals were prepared by coupling sol-gel and solvothermal synthesis. By co-processing with V chloroalkoxide and subsequent heat-treatment at 400-500 °C, surface deposition of V2O5 layers was obtained. The methylene blue adsorption onto the prepared materials was tested and compared with the pure oxide supports. Cycling of the materials and analysis of the adsorption process was also investigated.

Findings: The V-modified nanocrystals extracted ∼ 80% methylene blue from 1.5 x 10-5 M aqueous solution after 15 min only, contrarily to pure materials, which took up only 30% of the dye even after 120 min. Comparison with pure commercial V2O5 showed that the peculiar adsorption properties were imparted by the surface deposition of the V2O5-like layers. This report demonstrates that new classes of adsorbing materials can be conceived by suitably coupling different metal oxides.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 533, p. 369-374
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Other Physics Topics
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Experimental Physics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70622DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.08.070ISI: 000447815200038PubMedID: 30172147Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052435735OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-70622DiVA, id: diva2:1242533
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-09-04 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved

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Landström, AntonConcina, Isabella

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