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Choline-based deep eutectic solvents for CO2 separation: Review and thermodynamic analysis
Department of Material and Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, 450002 Zhengzhou, China.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0200-9960
State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, 210009 Nanjing, China.
2018 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 97, p. 436-455Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

CO2 separation plays an important role in energy saving and CO2 emission reduction, both of which are necessary to address the issue of global warming. Ionic liquids (ILs) have been proposed to be “green” solvents for CO2 separation. Unfortunately, the high cost, toxicity, and poor biodegradability of these compounds limit their large-scale application. Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were recently considered a new type of IL with additional advantages in terms of cost, environmental impact, and synthesis. DESs based on choline salts (i.e., choline-based DESs) are promising candidates for CO2 separation. In this work, the microstructures, physicochemical properties, and water effect of choline-based DESs are surveyed and compared with those of conventional ILs. The properties of choline-based DESs are similar to those of conventional ILs, but research on the latter remains limited. Further study on the microstructures, properties, and separation performance of choline-based DESs considering dynamic factors must be carried out through experimental measurements and model development. Thermodynamic analysis based on Gibbs free energy change is conducted to investigate the performances of choline-based-DESs during CO2 separation from biogas. Choline-based-DESs are screened on the basis of energy use and amount of absorbent needed. The performances of the screened choline-based-DESs are further compared with those of conventional ILs screened in our previous work, as well as commercial CO2 absorbents. Comparisons indicate that the screened DES-based absorbents show great application potential due to their nonvolatility, low energy use, or low amount required. The performances of physical choline-based-DES and 30 wt% MEA for CO2 separation from other gas streams (e.g., flue gas, lime kiln gas, and bio-syngas) are discussed. Considering the high amounts of physical absorbents required to enable separation, further study with techno-economic analysis needs to be carried out.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 97, p. 436-455
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70991DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2018.08.007ISI: 000448248600032Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053406191OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-70991DiVA, id: diva2:1251084
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-09-26 (inah)

Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Ji, Xiaoyan

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