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Considering landscape in strategic transport planning
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8870-2626
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6075-9885
2018 (English)In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 65, p. 396-408Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The implementation of transport infrastructure plans often has significant impacts on landscapes, especially where new roads and railroads are built. Key decisions regarding the building of new transport infrastructures are often made on a strategic level, where the long-term development of a region is determined, and before the infrastructure project actually begins. In this paper we build on previous advances in Strategic Environmental Assessment theory by linking the process-related issues of the integration of these assessments in general to landscape issues in particular; we use a multiple case study of Swedish transport planning.

Results of this study indicate that the particular planning processes we looked at failed to carry out strategic landscape assessments and integrate landscape assessments in the planning process. We conclude that this can be explained by the flawed procedure of assessing landscape, the unhelpful structuring of SEA reports and by process-related issues. The idea of applying a holistic understanding of landscape, in line with the ELC, was notably absent from the studied cases. The lack of consideration of landscape as a whole can be attributed to poor use of dissipated and fragmented knowledge about landscapes as well as weaknesses in the assessment procedure. Our results indicate that the traditions of EIA are still prevalent in the practice of SEA, despite the fact that SEA theory has moved away from EIA-based methodology to become a tool for integrating environmental concerns into decision-making and for paying close attention to strategic decision processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 65, p. 396-408
Keywords [en]
Landscape, Strategic Environmental Assessment, Strategic planning, Transport planning, European Landscape Convention
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71091DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.09.001ISI: 000453626000027Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053815921OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-71091DiVA, id: diva2:1253053
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-10-03 (svasva)

Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved

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Löfgren, SofiaNilsson, Kristina L.Johansson, Charlotta

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