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Reducing US Coal Emissions Can Boost Employment
Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) School of Business Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University.
Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).
Ecosystems Services and Management Program (ESM), International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); Working Group Sustainable Resource Management and Global Change, Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change.
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2018 (English)In: Joule, ISSN 2542-4351, Vol. 2, no 12, p. 2633-2648Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Concerns have been voiced that implementing climate change mitigation measures could come at the cost of employment, especially in the context of the US coal sector. However, repurposing US coal plants presents an opportunity to address emission mitigation and job creation, if the right technology change is adopted. In this study, the transformation of the US coal sector until 2050 is modeled to achieve ambitious climate targets. Results show that the cost-optimal strategy for meeting 2050 emission reductions consistent with 2°C stabilization pathways is through the early deployment of BECCS and by replacing 50% of aging coal plants with natural gas plants. This strategy addresses the concerns surrounding employment for coal workers by retaining 40,000 jobs, and creating 22,000 additional jobs by mid-century. Climate change mitigation does not have to come at the cost of employment, and policymakers could seek to take advantage of the social co-benefits of mitigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 2, no 12, p. 2633-2648
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71675DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2018.10.004ISI: 000453896100016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85059616029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-71675DiVA, id: diva2:1264396
Funder
Bio4Energy
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-01-30 (inah)

Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved

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Lundgren, Joakim

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