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A novel thermophilic laccase-like multicopper oxidase from Thermothelomyces thermophila and its application in the oxidative cyclization of 2′,3,4-trihydroxychalcone
Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
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2019 (English)In: New Biotechnology, ISSN 1871-6784, E-ISSN 1876-4347, Vol. 49, p. 10-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Laccase-like multicopper oxidases (LMCOs) are a heterogeneous group of oxidases, acting mainly on phenolic compounds and which are widespread among many microorganisms, including Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes. Here, we report the cloning, heterologous expression, purification and characterization of a novel LMCO from the thermophilic fungus Thermothelomyces thermophila. The 1953 bp lmco gene sequence comprises of 3 exons interrupted by 2 introns and according to the LccED database the translated sequence belongs to superfamily 6 of multicopper oxidases. After removal of the introns, the gene was transformed into Pichia pastoris, under the control of the alcohol oxidase (AOX1) promoter. The heterologous enzyme was purified with an apparent molecular weight of 80 kDa. TtLMCO1 displayed optimum activity at pH 4 and 50 °C and appeared thermostable up to 50 °C. A variety of phenolic compounds were oxidized by TtLMCO1, including standard laccase substrates such as ABTS and 2,6 dimethoxyphenol. The UV/Vis spectrum of purified TtLMCO1 indicates that it belongs to yellow laccase-like oxidases. The enzyme was used for the bioconversion of 2′,3,4-trihydroxychalcone to 3′,4′-dihydroxy-aurone, a bioactive aurone recently shown to possess inhibitory activity against several isoforms of the histone deacetylase complex (HDAC). Overall, the thermophilic yellow LMCO TtLMCO1 presents a number of superior properties with potential use in industrial biocatalysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 49, p. 10-18
Keywords [en]
Laccase-like multicopper oxidase, Thermophile biocatalysts, Thermothelomyces thermophila, Chalcone oxidative cyclization
National Category
Bioprocess Technology
Research subject
Biochemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72494DOI: 10.1016/j.nbt.2018.12.001ISI: 000454542600002PubMedID: 30529567Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85058170054OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-72494DiVA, id: diva2:1279606
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-01-17 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Topakas, Evangelos

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