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A perspective on biotechnological applications of thermophilic microalgae and cyanobacteria
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5285-1136
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3687-6173
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7500-2367
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0079-5950
2019 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 278, p. 424-434Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of expanding our knowledge on microorganisms derived from extreme environments stems from the development of novel and sustainable technologies for our health, food, and environment. Microalgae and cyanobacteria represent a group of diverse microorganisms that inhabit a wide range of environments, are capable of oxygenic photosynthesis, and form a thick microbial mat even at extreme environments. Studies of thermophilic microorganisms have shown a considerable biotechnological potential due to their optimum growth and metabolisms at high temperatures (≥50 °C), which is supported by their thermostable enzymes. Microalgal and cyanobacterial communities present in high-temperature ecosystems account for a large part of the total ecosystem biomass and productivity, and can be exploited to generate several value-added products of agricultural, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and industrial relevance. This review provides an overview on the current status of biotechnological applications of thermophilic microalgae and cyanobacteria, with an outlook on the challenges and future prospects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 278, p. 424-434
Keywords [en]
Thermophilic microorganisms, Microalgae, Cyanobacteria, Biotechnological applications, Biofuels, Biologically active compounds, Pigments
National Category
Bioprocess Technology
Research subject
Biochemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73043DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.01.063ISI: 000457852400049PubMedID: 30685131Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85060269950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-73043DiVA, id: diva2:1292208
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-02-27 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-02-27 Created: 2019-02-27 Last updated: 2019-02-27Bibliographically approved

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Patel, AlokMatsakas, LeonidasRova, UlrikaChristakopoulos, Paul

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