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Track geometry variations in selective laser melting processes
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0194-9018
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development. Fraunhofer-Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS, Dresden, German.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3569-6795
2019 (English)In: Journal of laser applications, ISSN 1042-346X, E-ISSN 1938-1387, Vol. 31, no 2, article id 022310Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Selective laser melting processes are widely used for many industrial applications using a laser beam to melt preplaced powder materiallayer by layer to create technical parts. The building process of those structures requires remelting of adjacent tracks and layers in order toavoid cavities and achieve the joining of the new track to the previous track and layer. In order to achieve a sufficient overlap and minimizecavities, usually conservative processing parameters are chosen. A higher energy and powder usage efficiency would be achieved if knowingabout the formation process of the single tracks and their geometrical dimensions depending on the available powder. In this work, it isshown that the cross-sectional track geometry significantly varies within one layer. A simple model is developed describing the influence ofthe available powder for each track within one layer. Depending on the hatch distance, different variation patterns are observed andmodeled showing that the track variations are inherent phenomena of the process. It can be concluded that the variations of powder avail-ability can cause the geometric variations of the tracks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2019. Vol. 31, no 2, article id 022310
Keywords [en]
laser additive manufacturing, selective laser melting, laser metal fusion, track geometry, powder availability
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Manufacturing Systems Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73778DOI: 10.2351/1.5096107Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065612393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-73778DiVA, id: diva2:1307640
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-05-29 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-04-29 Created: 2019-04-29 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved

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Volpp, JoergBrueckner, FrankKaplan, Alexander

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