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Layer formation on K-feldspar in fluidized bed combustion and gasification of bark and chicken manure
Bioenergy 2020+ GmbH, Güssing, Austria.Institute of Chemical, Environmental & Bioscience Engineering, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5420-965x
Institute of Chemical, Environmental & Bioscience Engineering, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science. Bioenergy 2020+ GmbH, Güssing, Austria. Institute of Chemical, Environmental & Bioscience Engineering, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria.Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden .
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2019 (English)In: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 127, article id 105251Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding layer formation on bed materials used in fluidized beds is a key step for advances in the application of alternative fuels. Layers can be responsible for agglomeration-caused shut-downs but they can also improve the gas composition in fluidized bed gasification. Layers were observed on K-feldspar (KAlSi3O8) impurities originating from the combined heat and power plant Senden which applies the dual fluidized bed (DFB) steam gasification technology. Pure K-feldspar was therefore considered as alternative bed material in DFB steam gasification. Focusing on the interactions between fuel ash and bed material, K-feldspar was tested in combustion and DFB steam gasification atmospheres using different fuels, namely Ca-rich bark, Ca- and P-rich chicken manure, and an admixture of chicken manure to bark. The bed particle layers formed on the bed material surface were characterized using combined scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy; area mappings and line scans were carried out for all samples. The obtained data show no essential influence of operational mode on the layer-formation process. During the combustion and DFB steam gasification of Ca-rich bark, a layer rich in Ca formed while K was diffusing out of the layer. The use of Ca- and P-rich chicken manure inhibited the diffusion of K, and a layer rich in Ca and P formed. The addition of P to bark via chicken manure also changed the underlying layer-formation processes to reflect the same processes as observed for pure chicken manure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 127, article id 105251
Keywords [en]
Fluidized bed, Layer formation, K-feldspar, Phosphorous, Combustion, DFB steam gasification
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75063DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2019.05.020ISI: 000478564300032Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85066481346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75063DiVA, id: diva2:1331672
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-27 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved

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Häggström, GustavKuba, MatthiasÖhman, Marcus

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