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Flammability, Smoke, Mechanical Behaviours and Morphology of Flame Retarded Natural Fibre/Elium®Composite
Material and Computational Mechanics, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Material and Computational Mechanics, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Division of Engineering Materials, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Division Safety and Transport/Safety/Fire Research, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 12, no 17, article id 2648Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The work involves fabrication of natural fibre/Elium® composites using resin infusion technique. The jute fabrics were treated using phosphorus-carbon based flame retardant (FR) agent, a phosphonate solution and graphene nano-platelet (GnP), followed by resin infusion, to produce FR and graphene-based composites. The properties of these composites were compared with those of the Control (jute fabric/Elium®). As obtained from the cone calorimeter and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the peak heat release rate reduced significantly after the FR and GnP treatments of fabrics whereas total smoke release and quantity of carbon monoxide increased with the incorporation of FR. The addition of GnP had almost no effect on carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide yield. Dynamic mechanical analysis demonstrated that coating jute fabrics with GnP particles led to an enhanced glass transition temperature by 14%. Scanning electron microscopy showed fibre pull-out locations in the tensile fracture surface of the laminates after incorporation of both fillers, which resulted in reduced tensile properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 12, no 17, article id 2648
Keywords [en]
polymer-matrix composites, mechanical properties, Elium®
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75788DOI: 10.3390/ma12172648PubMedID: 31438469Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85071880886OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75788DiVA, id: diva2:1347241
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-08-30 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-08-30 Created: 2019-08-30 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved

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Försth, Michael

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