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Urban Surfaces as Sources of Stormwater Pollution: An Evaluation of Substances Released from Building Envelopes
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3518-1273
2019 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Urbana ytor som källor till dagvattenförorening : En utvärdering av bidraget av ämnen från byggnadsmaterial (Swedish)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2019.
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76045ISBN: 978-91-7790-442-7 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7790-443-4 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76045DiVA, id: diva2:1352221
Presentation
2019-11-15, E632, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The pollution conveyed by urban runoff: A review of sources
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The pollution conveyed by urban runoff: A review of sources
(English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76044 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 942 – 2016-73Vinnova, 2016-05176
Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-09-18
2. The release of pollutants from roofing materials in laboratory experiments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The release of pollutants from roofing materials in laboratory experiments
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Diffuse pollution sources have been recognised by the European Water Framework Directive to significantly contribute to pollution of stormwater receivers. Stormwater runoff is considered to represent diffuse pollution sources. The aim of this study was to clarify the contributions of specific sources in the urban environment to the content of organic and inorganic pollutants in stormwater. This was done by conducting laboratory screening tests of several conventional roofing materials and coatings to determine which pollutants they release and how they might contribute to the deterioration of stormwater quality. The studied pollutants include metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, V, Zn) as well as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), phthalates, pesticides, nonylphenols and –ethoxylates. Many of the studied roofing materials, e.g. roofing shingle, a PVC sheet and a bitumen paste for felt roof maintenance, exhibited the potential to release several of these substances into stormwater runoff. However, phthalates were not released from any of the studied materials under the tested conditions. In addition, quite similar materials exhibited rather different substance release profiles.

National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38046 (URN)c4ccc759-346f-4a63-975c-d30711bb2775 (Local ID)c4ccc759-346f-4a63-975c-d30711bb2775 (Archive number)c4ccc759-346f-4a63-975c-d30711bb2775 (OAI)
Conference
IWA International Conference on Diffuse Pollution and Eutrophication : 14/09/2015 - 18/09/2015
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20151030 (aleand)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved
3. Building surface materials as sources of micropollutants in building runoff: A pilot study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building surface materials as sources of micropollutants in building runoff: A pilot study
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 680, p. 190-197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Control of diffuse pollution is critical for achieving good surface water quality status. In this context, pollutant contributions from building materials have received increased attention in recent decades. This study examined the releases of metals, nonylphenols and phthalates from ten common building surface materials (installed in triplicates) into rainwater runoff from six rain events. The highest releases of metals were from copper and zinc sheets (average concentrations of 3090 μg/L Cu and 7770 μg/L Zn respectively), while other metal materials, e.g., Corten weathering steel, exhibited lower releases. PVC roofing released high concentrations of nonylphenols and phthalates (average concentrations of up to 26 μg/L nonylphenols and 455 μg/L Diisononyl phthalate, DINP) which have not been investigated in the earlier studies. Pollutant releases varied between events, likely because of weather conditions and rainfall characteristics. Study findings should be valuable for environmentally responsible applications of the existing building materials and the development of new ones, as well as the investigations and risk assessment of specific pollutants in stormwater.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Building surface materials, Diffuse pollution sources, Metals, Nonylphenols, Phthalates, Stormwater quality
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73883 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.088 (DOI)000468863400019 ()31108449 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065712456 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 942 – 2016-73Vinnova, 2016-05176
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-05 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Müller, Alexandra

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