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Confined Catalysis: Progress and Prospects in Energy Conversion
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2935-1165
2019 (English)In: Advanced Energy Materials, ISSN 1614-6840, Vol. 9, no 40, article id 1902307Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Space confined catalysis has emerged as viable strategy for achieving potent and efficient catalysts in various important reactions. It offers a means of creating unique nanoscale chemical environments partitioned from the surrounding bulk space. This gives rise to the phenomena of nanoconfinement, where the energetics and kinetics of catalytic reactions can be modulated upon confining the catalysts in a particular site. Various scaffolds have been reported so far for confinement. Among these, void spaces under the cover of 2D materials, van der Waals (vdW) gaps of layered 2D materials, nanotubes, and porous surfaces have recently won copious attention. In this review, the concept of space confinement with respect to its effect on the electronic and structural properties of a catalyst is discussed. Emphasis is devoted to the catalysis of water splitting and CO2 reduction reactions. The progress in the design and applications of space confined catalysts is then traced. Finally, a discussion of emerging issues yet to be explored for this strategy to achieve a high efficiency, and future directions with the potential to become a new hotspots are presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019. Vol. 9, no 40, article id 1902307
Keywords [en]
CO2 reduction, confined catalysis, pore filling, van der Waals gaps, water splitting
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Research subject
Experimental Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76057DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902307ISI: 000485447800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76057DiVA, id: diva2:1352508
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-11-04 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-09-19 Created: 2019-09-19 Last updated: 2019-11-04Bibliographically approved

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Shifa, Tofik AhmedVomiero, Alberto

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