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Demolition, dislocation and documentation in transforming mining towns
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water. (Architecture)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0440-1464
2020 (English)In: Cultural heritage compensation: Approaches to transformation of sites with cultural values and architectural qualities / [ed] Rönn, Magnus; Grahn Danielson, Benjamin, Gothenburg: Chalmers University of Technology , 2020, p. 175-196Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates approaches towards conservation of the historic buildingsand historic environments in the largescale urban transformations ofMalmberget and Kiruna in northernmost Sweden, and how these can beunderstood as mitigation measures for negative impact on historic valuesand architectural qualities caused by the mining activities. Both towns werefounded at the turn of the 19th century, to enable mining the rich iron oredeposits in the region. Currently, subsidence caused by mining is affectingthe built environments, because the iron ore reaches beneath the settlements.Both towns are designated heritage sites of national interest for the purposeof conserving the cultural environment, and both have conservation plansadopted by the respective local councils. In Kiruna, there are listed buildings,and many buildings are protected in detailed development plans.The mining company is obliged to compensate for damage it causes. However,compensations primarily cover economic values, and focus on replacingfunctions, not heritage values. Mitigation measures for negative impact onhistoric values and architectural qualities can mainly be considered as constitutingrelocation of some of the historic buildings, and documentation ofthe built environments that will be demolished. An alternative strategy tocompensation for the loss of historic environments seems to be to redefinethe built heritage and its significance. ‘Heritagisation’ processes are takingplace, in which some of the historic buildings are reaffirmed as representingsignificant built heritage, and thus are being relocated, while the major bulkof historic buildings, many that have had formal protection, are instead beingdismissed as heritage. Thus, ‘de-heritagisation’ is taking place, as the historicvalues of these buildings are considered to be non-significant, they lose theirprotection, and are ultimately being demolished.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Chalmers University of Technology , 2020. p. 175-196
Keywords [en]
urban transformation, mining towns, heritagisation, built heritage
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77621ISBN: 978-91-88041-24-1 (print)ISBN: 978-91-983911-3-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77621DiVA, id: diva2:1390948
Conference
Architecture, cultural environment and compensation in planning processes - Workshop 16-17 September 2019, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-03

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