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High temperature tribology and wear of selective laser melted (SLM) 316L stainless steel
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3735-2133
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4888-6237
2020 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 448-449, article id 203228Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High temperature wear behaviour of selective laser melted (SLM) 316L stainless steel (SS) was studied to elucidate the influence of characteristic microstructure of SLM 316L SS on the wear properties. The wear tests were conducted from room temperature (RT) to 600 °C using ball-on-disc setup with alumina counter ball. The effect of temperature on the wear rate and the underlying mechanisms were evaluated and compared with conventional 316 SS. The RT coefficient of friction (COF) and wear rate of SLM 316L SS and conventional 316 SS were 0.5 and 4.6 ± 0.4 x 10−4 mm3/Nm and 0.7 and 4.5 ± 0.1 x 10−4 mm3/Nm, respectively. The wear rate of conventional 316 SS slightly decreased with increasing temperature from 4.5 ± 0.1 x 10−4 mm3/Nm at RT to 3.2 ± 0.1 x 10−4 mm3/Nm at 300 °C, followed by increasing to 4.9 ± 0.4 x 10−4 mm3/Nm at 400 °C, while the wear rate of SLM 316L SS was twofold lower with 2.3 ± 0.6 x 10−4 mm3/Nm at 300 °C and 2.7 ± 0.3 x 10−4 mm3/Nm at 400 °C. The wear rate at 600 °C was found to be comparable between SLM 316L SS and conventional 316 SS with a wear rate of 6.4 ± 0.7 x 10−4 mm3/Nm and 6.6 ± 0.6 x 10−4 mm3/Nm, respectively. The lower wear rate in SLM 316L SS at higher temperatures of 300 °C and 400 °C was due to its stable hierarchical microstructure, cellular subgrains, formation of stable oxide glaze and higher hardness. Moreover, the cross-sectional microscopy of wear track after 600 °C wear tests showed that the deformation zone below the wear track in SLM 316L SS was 10–15 μm compared to 30–40 μm for conventional 316 SS. The two folds low wear rate of the SLM 316L SS at 300 °C and 400 °C compared to conventional 316 SS could potentially render it for usage in applications where high temperature wear resistant SS are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 448-449, article id 203228
Keywords [en]
Selective laser melting, Stainless steel, High temperature wear, Microstructure
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77860DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2020.203228ISI: 000520091000008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85079400326OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77860DiVA, id: diva2:1396168
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-02-25 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-02-25 Created: 2020-02-25 Last updated: 2020-04-09Bibliographically approved

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Alvi, SajidSaeidi, KamranAkhtar, Farid

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