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Organosolv lignin hydrophobic micro- and nanoparticles as a low-carbon footprint biodegradable flotation collector in mineral flotation
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1132-8947
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3687-6173
Boliden Mineral AB, SE-776 98 Garpenberg, Sweden.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7500-2367
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2020 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 306, article id 123235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flotation is a key step during mineral separation. Xanthates are the most commonly used collectors for recovering Cu, Ni, and Zn from sulphide ores. However, xanthates are fossil-based and toxic for the environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of lignin nanoparticles and microparticles as sustainable and environmentally friendly collectors. Lignin particles demonstrated good selectivity toward Cu (chalcopyrite), with total recoveries exceeding 80% and grades of up to 8.6% w/w from a Cu-Ni ore in rougher flotation tests. When floating Zn-Pb-Cu ore, lignin nanoparticles could reduce the use of xanthates by 50%. Moreover, they outperformed xanthates alone, achieving total recoveries of up to 91%, 85%, and 98% for Cu, Pb, and Zn, respectively. These results prove the potential of lignin as a flotation collector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 306, article id 123235
Keywords [en]
Lignin, Nanoparticles, Flotation, Collector, Organosolv
National Category
Bioprocess Technology
Research subject
Biochemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-78359DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2020.123235PubMedID: 32229063Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85082530221OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-78359DiVA, id: diva2:1421931
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-05-04 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-04-06 Created: 2020-04-06 Last updated: 2020-05-04Bibliographically approved

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Hruzova, KaterinaMatsakas, LeonidasRova, UlrikaChristakopoulos, Paul

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