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Never too late? An advantage on tests of auditory attention extends to late bilinguals.
University of Edinburgh.
University of Edinburgh.
University of Edinburgh.
2014 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 5, article id 485Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent studies, using predominantly visual tasks, indicate that early bilinguals tend to outperform monolinguals on attention tests. It remains less clear whether such advantages extend to those bilinguals who have acquired their second language later in life. We examined this question in 38 monolingual and 60 bilingual university students. The bilingual group was further subdivided into early childhood (ECB), late childhood (LCB), and early adulthood bilinguals (EAB). The assessment consisted of five subtests from the clinically validated Test of Everyday Attention (TEA). Overall, bilinguals outperformed monolinguals on auditory attention tests, but not on visual search tasks. The latter observation suggests that the differences between bilinguals and monolinguals are specific and not due to a generally higher cognitive performance in bilinguals. Within the bilingual group, ECB showed a larger advantage on attention switching, LCB/EAB on selective attention. We conclude that the effects of bilingualism extend into the auditory domain and are not confined to childhood bilinguals, although their scope might be slightly different in early and late bilinguals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 5, article id 485
Keywords [en]
age of acquisition, attention, auditory attention, bilingualism, cognition
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-78476DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00485PubMedID: 24904498OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-78476DiVA, id: diva2:1423471
Available from: 2020-04-14 Created: 2020-04-14 Last updated: 2020-04-21Bibliographically approved

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Vega Mendoza, Mariana

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